In an ancient text written in China about 3000 years ago and called “The Yellow Emperor’s Canon of Internal Medicine” we can encounter the following dialogue:
  • “The Yellow Emperor said: ‘If one is afflicted with abnormal respiration, one cannot sleep and one’s breathing has noise; (...) What organs in the body cause this? I desire to hear about the etiology.’

  • Ch’i Po answered: ‘Those who cannot sleep and breathe with noise have disorders in the Yang Ming. Usually the three Yang of the foot travel downward. In these cases they travel upward, hence the noise...’

  • The Yellow Emperor said: ‘Excellent’.”


Polish Academy Volatile Anaesthetic Opening Remark Present Paradigm Shallow Breathing 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1988

Authors and Affiliations

  • Witold A. Karczewski
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurophysiologyPolish Academy of Sciences Medical Research CentreWarsawPoland

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