An Ecological Theory of Organizational Structuring

  • Charles E. Bidwell
  • John D. Kasarda
Part of the The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis book series (PSDE)


This chapter applies a human ecological approach to the analysis of structural change in organizations. Some organizational theories have focused on the covariation of organizational structure and technology (Perrow 1970; Woodward 1965). Others have dealt with the relationships between structure and environ- ment, either presenting the environment as a contingent or unpredictable supplier of resources (Lawrence and Lorsch 1967; Thompson 1967; Pfeffer and Salancik 1978) or presenting organizational structure as a culturally grounded, symbolic expression (Zucker 1983; Meyer and Rowan 1977; DiMaggio and Powell 1983).


Organizational Community Internal Environment Ecological Theory Resource Input Resource Flow 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles E. Bidwell
    • 1
  • John D. Kasarda
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of ChicagoChicagoUSA
  2. 2.Kenan Institute of Private EnterpriseUniversity of North CarolinaChapel HillUSA

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