Ecological and Structural Determinants of Declining Labor Force Participation of African-American Men

Evidence from Southern Nonmetropolitan Labor Markets, 1940–1980
  • Mark A. Fossett
  • M. Therese Seibert
  • Cynthia M. Cready
Part of the The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis book series (PSDE)


Many studies have reported increasing equality in occupation and income attainments for employed white and African-American men in the United States since 1940 (e.g., Siegel 1967; Johnson and Sell 1978; Fossett, Galle, and Kelly 1986; Farley 1985; National Research Council 1989; Farley and Allen 1987; Smith and Welch 1984, 1986).2 One should view these findings cautiously, however, because most of the studies confined their analyses to aggregate outcomes. Recent research suggests that national-level analyses of employed men may lead to overly optimistic conclusions about trends in racial differences in labor force outcomes. Indeed, increased racial equality of labor force outcomes in the United States is likely to be more modest or even nonexistent: (a) when racial comparisons are of employment and amount of labor force participation instead of occupation and income and (b) when the data represent lower levels of aggregation than the nation as a whole.


Labor Force Labor Force Participation Labor Demand Female Labor Labor Force Participation Rate 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark A. Fossett
    • 1
  • M. Therese Seibert
    • 2
  • Cynthia M. Cready
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of SociologyTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.Department of SociologyUniversity of VirginiaCharlottesvilleUSA

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