The Effects of Public and Private Sustenance Organizations on Population Redistribution in New York State

  • Thomas A. Hirschl
  • Dudley L. PostonJr.
  • W. Parker Frisbie
Part of the The Springer Series on Demographic Methods and Population Analysis book series (PSDE)


The concept of sustenance organization, as originally proposed by Amos Hawley (1950:178), refers to “the complex of functional interrelationships by which men live.” Sustenance organization is the totality of social organization that governs the adaptation of populations to their environments and involves considerably more than the economic relationships in which populations engage. It encompasses the family, nonprofit organizations, and other entities outside of the pricing system. Gibbs and Martin (1959:4) emphasize this point, “whereas economists are ordinarily interested in the interrelationships of such variables as supply, demand, cost, and prices within a given sustenance organization, ecologists are concerned with the characteristics of the structure itself.”


York City American Sociological Review Food Stamp Partial Regression Coefficient York State Department 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas A. Hirschl
    • 1
  • Dudley L. PostonJr.
    • 2
  • W. Parker Frisbie
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Rural SociologyCornell UniversityIthacaUSA
  2. 2.Department of SociologyTexas A&M UniversityCollege, StationUSA
  3. 3.Population Research CenterUniversity of Texas at AustinAustinUSA

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