Psychotherapy with Lesbian Mothers

  • JoAnn Loulan
Part of the Critical Issues in Psychiatry book series (CIPS)


During a training session at a major university a few years ago, a group of physicians listened to a talk about lesbian mothers. After the presentation, a 55-year-old woman gynecologist had a question: “I’m confused by this term you use— ‘lesbian mother.’ Could you explain just what that is and how a lesbian could become a mother?”


Sexual Orientation Sexual Identity Postpartum Depression Heterosexual Woman Lesbian Woman 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bannon, A. (1983). Journey to a woman. Tallahassee, FL: Naiad Press.Google Scholar
  2. Bayer, R. (1981). Homosexuality and American psychiatry: The politics of diagnosis. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  3. Briggs, D. C. (1975). Your child’s self-esteem. New York: Doubleday.Google Scholar
  4. Darty, T., and Potter, S. (1984). Women-identified women. Totowa, NJ: Mayfield.Google Scholar
  5. Dreikurs, R., and Soltz, V. (1964). Children: The challenge. New York: Hawthorne Books.Google Scholar
  6. Ettorre, E. M. (1980). Lesbians, women and society. Boston: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  7. Firestone, S. (1970). The dialectic of sex: The case for feminist revolution. New York: Bantam Books.Google Scholar
  8. GIass, R., and Ericsson, R. (1982). Getting pregnant in the 1980s: New advances in infertility treatment and fetal sex selection. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  9. Golombok, S.; Spencer, A.; and Rutter, M. (1983). Children in lesbian and single-parent households: Psychosexual and psychiatric appraisal. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, 24, 551–572.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Goodman, B. (1973). The lesbian mother. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 43, 283–284.Google Scholar
  11. Green, R. (1978). Sexual identity of 37 children raised by homosexual or transsexual parents. American Journal of Psychiatry, 135, 692–697.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Green, R. (1982). The best interests of the child with a lesbian mother. Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law, 10, 7–15.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Hall, M. (1978). Lesbian families: Cultural and social issues. Social Work, 23, 380–385.Google Scholar
  14. Hanscombe, G., and Forster, J. (1982). Rocking the cradle—Lesbian mothers: A challenge in family living. Boston: Alyson.Google Scholar
  15. Hoeffer, B. (1981). Children’s acquisition of sex role behavior in lesbian mother families. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 51, 536–544.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Kirkpatrick, M. (1982). Lesbian mother families. Psychiatric Annals, 12, 842–848.Google Scholar
  17. Kirkpatrick, M.; Smith, C.; and Roy, R. (1981). Lesbian mothers and their children: A comparative survey. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 51, 545–551.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Krieger, S. (1983). The mirror dance. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  19. Kweskin, S., and Cook, A. (1982). Heterosexual and homosexual mothers’ self-described sex-role behavior and ideal sex-role behavior in children. Sex Roles, 8, 967–975.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Lyons, T. A. (1983). Lesbian mothers’ custody fears. In J. H. Robbins and R. J. Siegel (Eds.), Women changing therapy: New assessments, values and strategies in feminist therapy. New York: Haworth Press.Google Scholar
  21. Miller, H. B. (1984, January 7). A particularly risky experiment. San Jose Mercury News, p. 1B.Google Scholar
  22. Miller, J.; Jacobsen, R. B.; and Bigner, J. (1981). The child’s home environment for lesbian vs. heterosexual mothers: A neglected area of research. Journal of Homosexuality, 7, 49–56.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Mucklow, B., and Phelan, G. (1979). Lesbian and traditional mothers’ responses to adult response to child behavior and self-concept. Psychological Reports, 44, 880–882.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Nungesser, L. (1980). Theoretical bases for research on the acquisition of social sex-roles by children of lesbian mothers. Journal of Homosexuality, 5, 177–187.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Osman, S. (1972). My stepfather is a she. Family Process, 11, 209–218.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pagelow, M. (1980). Heterosexual and lesbian single mothers: A comparison of problems, coping and solutions. Journal of Homosexuality, 5, 189–205.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Socarides, C. (1963). The historical development of theoretical and clinical concepts of overt female homosexuality. American Psychoanalytic Association Journal, 11, 386–412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Weeks, R.; Derdeyn, A.; and Langman, M. (1975). Two cases of children of homosexuals. Child Psychiatry and Human Development, 6, 26–32.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Winckelpeck, J., and Westfield, J. (1982). Counseling considerations with gay couples. Personnel and Guidance Journal, 60, 294–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Wolf, D. (1979). The lesbian community. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • JoAnn Loulan
    • 1
  1. 1.Private practicePalo AltoUSA

Personalised recommendations