Notes on the Management of Difference

  • Carmen de Monteflores
Part of the Critical Issues in Psychiatry book series (CIPS)


When a majority group assumes the power of instituting norms from which minority groups are seen to deviate, differences between these groups become institutionalized. Difference is then perceived as a deficit, or as a failure to meet the standards of the majority. The institutionalization of differences between individuals and between groups creates stereotypes which reduce the full humanity of the individual to a few selected deviant traits. The stereotyping of minority individuals and groups often leads to severe social limitations and to considerable psychological disempowerment.


Borderline Personality Disorder Real Person Homosexual Identity Minority Therapist Minority Individual 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carmen de Monteflores
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Private practiceSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.BerkeleyUSA

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