Memory Rehabilitation Techniques with Brain-Injured Individuals

  • Brady J. Phelps
  • Carl D. Cheney
Part of the Applied Clinical Psychology book series (NSSB)


Cognitive rehabilitation is the label often used when referring to a variety of techniques that focus on the amelioration and retraining of thinking and memory behaviors following traumatic brain injury (Wood, 1990). The most frequent complaint following brain injury, and to which the bulk of the cognitive rehabilitation literature is addressed, is that of memory disturbance (McGlynn, 1990). The need for effective remedial programs is immense, since estimates run as high as 2 million Americans likely to experience traumatic brain injury each year, with the costs of rehabilitation estimated in billions of dollars annually (Department of Health and Human Services, 1989; National Head Injury Foundation, 1992).


Traumatic Brain Injury Behavioral Medicine Visual Imagery Behavior Analyst Teaching Machine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Ayllon, T., & Azrin, N. E. (1968). The token economy: A motivational system for therapy and rehabilitation. New York: Appleton.Google Scholar
  2. Cowley, B. J., Green, G., & Braunling-McMorrow, D. (1992). Using stimulus equivalence procedures to teach name-face matching to adults with brain injuries. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 25, 461–475.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Department of Health and Human Services. (1989). Interagency head-injury task force report. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  4. Donahoe, J. W., & Palmer, D. C. (1993). Learning and complex behavior. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.Google Scholar
  5. Eames, D., & Wood, R. (1985). Rehabilitation after severe brain-injury: A follow-up study of a behavior modification approach. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 48, 613–619.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ebbinghaus, H. (1913). Memory: A contribution to experimental psychology. New York: Teachers College, Columbia University.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Finset, H., & Andresen, S. (1990). The process diary concept: An approach in training orientation, memory, and behavior control. In R. L. Wood & I. Fussey (Eds.), Cognitive rehabilitation in perspective (pp. 99–116). London: Taylor and Francis.Google Scholar
  8. Fowler, R. S., Hart, J., & Sheehan, M. (1972). A prosthetic memory: An application of the prosthetic environment concept. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, 12, 81–85.Google Scholar
  9. Fuller, P. R. (1949). Operant conditioning of a vegetative human organism. American Journal of Psychology, 62, 587–590.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Glisky, E. L., & Schacter, D. L. (1986). Remediation of organic memory disorders: Current status and future prospects. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 1(3), 54–63.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Glisky, E. L., & Schacter, D. L. (1988). Long term retention of computer learning by patients with memory disorders. Neuropsychologia, 26, 173–178.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Glisky, E. L., & Schacter, D. L. (1989). Extending the limits of complex learning in organic amnesia: Computer training in a vocational domain. Neuropsychologia, 27, 107–120.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Glisky, E. L., Schacter, D. L., & Tulving, E. (1986). Learning and retention of computer-related vocabulary in memory-impaired patients: Method of vanishing cues. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 8(3), 292–312.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Green, G. (1991). Everyday stimulus equivalences for the brain-injured. In W. Ishaq (Ed.), Human behavior in today’s world (pp. 123–132). New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  15. Hopewell, C. A., Burke, W. H., Wesolowski, M., & Zawlocki, R. (1990). Behavioral learning therapies for the traumatically brain-injured patient. In R. L. Wood & I. Fussey (Eds.), Cognitive rehabilitation in perspective (pp. 229–246). London: Taylor and Francis.Google Scholar
  16. Kandel, E. R., Schwartz, J. H., & Jessel, T. M. (1991). Principles of neural science (3rd ed.). New York: Elsevier.Google Scholar
  17. Levin, W. S. (1991). Computer applications in cognitive rehabilitation. In J. Kreutzer & P. Wehman (Eds.), Cognitive rehabilitation for persons with traumatic injury: A functional approach (pp. 163–179). Baltimore: Brookes.Google Scholar
  18. Loftus, E. F. (1993). The reality of repressed memories. The American Psychologist, 48(5), 518–537.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mandleburg, I. A., & Brooks, D. N. (1975). Cognitive recovery after severe head injury. 1. Serial testing on the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 38, 1121–1126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Martella, R. (1994). The place of the “self” in self-instructions. Behaviorology, 2, 55–61.Google Scholar
  21. Martin, G. & Pear, J. (1992). Behavior modification: What it is and how to do it (4th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  22. Mateer, C. A., & Williams, D. (1991). Management of psychosocial and behavior problems in cognitive rehabilitation. In J. S. Kreutzer & P. H. Wehman (Eds.), Cognitive rehabilitation for persons with traumatic brain injury: A functional approach (pp. 117–126). Baltimore: Brookes.Google Scholar
  23. Mateer, C. A., Sohlberg, M. M., & Youngman, P. K. (1990). The management of acquired attention and memory deficits. In R. L. Wood & I. Fussey (Eds.), Cognitive rehabilitation in perspective (pp. 68–96). London: Taylor and Francis.Google Scholar
  24. McGlynn, S. M. (1990). Behavioral approaches to neuropsychological rehabilitation. Psychological Bulletin, 69, 458–460.Google Scholar
  25. National Head Injury Foundation. (1992). The silent epidemic. Framingham, MA: Author.Google Scholar
  26. Sidman, M., & Tailby, W. (1982). Conditional discrimination vs. matching to sample: An expansion of the testing paradigm. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 37, 5–22.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Skinner, B. F. (1957). Verbal behavior. New York: Appleton.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Skinner, B. F. (1958). Teaching machines. Science, 128, 969–977.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Skinner, B. F. (1974). About behaviorism. New York: Knopf.Google Scholar
  30. Squire, L. R., Zola-Morgan, S., & Chen, K. S. (1988). Human amnesia and animal models of amnesia: Performance of amnesic patients on tests designed for the monkey. Behavioral Neuroscience, 102(2), 210–221.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Wesolowski, M. D., & Zencius, A. H. (1994). A practical guide to head injury rehabilitation: A focus on postacute residential treatment. New York: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Williams, C. G., Harley, J. P., & Malec, J. F. (1991). Guidelines for computer-assisted neuropsychological rehabilitation and cognitive remediation. The Clinical Neuropsychologist, 5(1), 3–19.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Wilson, B. A. (1987). Rehabilitation of memory. New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  34. Wilson, B., & Patterson, K. (1990). Rehabilitation for cognitive impairment: Does cognitive psychology apply? Applied Cognitive Psychology, 4, 247–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Wood, R. L. (1987). Brain injury rehabilitation: A neurobehavioral approach. London: Croon Helm.Google Scholar
  36. Wood, R. L. (1990). Conditioning procedures in brain injury rehabilitation. In R. L. Wood (Ed.), Neurobehavioral sequelae of traumatic brain injury (pp. 153–174). London: Taylor and Francis.Google Scholar
  37. Wood, R. L., & Fussey, I. (Eds.). (1990). Cognitive rehabilitation in perspective (XII). London: Taylor and Francis.Google Scholar
  38. Woolen, K. A., Weber, A., & Lowry, D. H. (1972). Bizarreness versus interaction of mental images as determinants of learning. Cognitive Psychology, 3, 518–523.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Yates, F. A. (1966). The art of memory. London: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brady J. Phelps
    • 1
  • Carl D. Cheney
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologySouth Dakota State UniversityBrookingsUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUtah State UniversityLoganUSA

Personalised recommendations