• Waris Ishaq
Part of the Applied Clinical Psychology book series (NSSB)


Earlier, in Chapter 13, this handbook was described as a “response to the crises of our times”:
  • The threat of a nuclear holocaust and an eternal winter. This will remain until we stop making, testing, and buying and selling nuclear weapons.

  • Pollution. Shrinking rain forests. Holes in the ozone layer. Even sunbathing has become a health hazard. Too much exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays, which are getting through the holes in the ozone layer, can cause skin cancer.

  • Substance abuse and dependency.

  • The law-and-order crisis. Drug-related killings and the rate of crime in general that keeps going up all the time. Small wonder that Americans, calling TV stations and writing to newspapers, overwhelmingly have supported Singapore’s public caning of an American teenager for vandalism and theft.

  • Poverty and homelessness. The United States, a nation among the richest in the world and the only superpower, has more homeless people than anywhere in the industrialized West.

  • The decline of educational standards, the dropout epidemic, broken homes, juvenile delinquency, and teenage pregnancies. And now AIDS, the most merciless killer we have known.


Primary Care Provider Ozone Layer Teenage Pregnancy Homeless People Applied Behavior Analysis 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  2. Catania, C. C. (1984). Learning (2nd ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.Google Scholar
  3. Sidman, M. (1989). Coercion and its fallout. Boston, MA: Authors Cooperative.Google Scholar
  4. Sidman, M., & Ishaq, W. (1991). Beware of coercion. In W. Ishaq (Ed.), Human behavior in today’s world (pp. 51–70). New York: Praeger.Google Scholar
  5. Skinner, B. F. (1991). Why we are not acting to save the world. In W. Ishaq (Ed.), Human behavior in today’s world (pp. 19–30). New York: Praeger.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Waris Ishaq
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of OregonEugeneUSA
  2. 2.Mental Health Paraprofessionals Training DivisionPacific Behavior Sciences CenterEugeneUSA

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