Hybrid Information Systems: Integrating Data and Knowledge Management

  • Mara Abel
  • José Mauro Castilho


The class of information systems includes all software systems that, receiving an input like a query or update command from some user, generate an output, or an answer, using some kind of man-machine communication means (sound, images, text). The answer upgrades the user knowledge about some subject and improves the resulting quality of some problem solving task.


Database Management System Travel Agent Conceptual Information Description Frame Query Command 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. A. Barr and E.A. Feigenbaum (eds.). Knowledge representation. in: The handbook of artificial intelligence, Los Altos, Calif., Addison Wesley, 1981. Vol 1, Chap III.Google Scholar
  2. M.L. Brodie and J. Mylopolous (eds.). On knowledge base management systems (Integrating AI with database technologies). Proceedings. New York, Spring-Verlag, 1986.Google Scholar
  3. T-H. Chang and E. Sciore. A Universal relation data model with semantic abstractions. IEEE Transactions on Knowledge and Data Engineering, 4(1):23–33, Feb 1992.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. E.F. Codd. Extending the database relational model to capture more meaning. ACM Transactions on Database Systems, 4(4):397–434. December 1979.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. J. Conklin. Hypertext: a survey and introduction. IEEE Computer, 20(9), pp 17–41, 1987.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. C.J. Date. An Introduction to Database Systems, Vol. I, Addison Wesley, 1986.Google Scholar
  7. Deyi-li. A PROLOG database system. John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1984.Google Scholar
  8. K.R. Diettrich. Object-oriented database systems: the notion and the issues. In Proceedings of the InternationalWorkshop on Object-oriented Database Systems, Pacific Grove, CA, 1986.Google Scholar
  9. F. Hayes-Rot, D. Waterman and D. Lenat. (Eds). Building Expert Systems, Reading, Massachusetts, Addison Wesley Publ., 1983.Google Scholar
  10. R. Hull and R. King. Semantic databased modelling: survey, applications, and research issues. ACM Computing Surveys, 19(3), Sept 1987.Google Scholar
  11. R. Kaula and O.K. Ngwenyama. An approach to open intellignet information systems. Information Systems, 15(4):489–96, 1990. Oxford, Pergamon Press, 1990CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. K. Parsaye, M. Chignell, S. Khoshafian and H. Wong. Intelligent Databases, Toronto, John Wiley & Sons, 1989.Google Scholar
  13. IBM Co. Expert system environment-Expert system development environment. User’s guide. Knowledge Processing Series. Bethesda, Maryland, IBM Co, March 1990.Google Scholar
  14. Intellicorp Inc. KEEconnection: A bridge between databases and knowledge bases. Technical Article. Intellicorp, Menlo Park, California, 1987.Google Scholar
  15. F. Manola. Applications of object-oriented database technology in: Knowledge-based integrated information systems. CRAI School on Recents Techniques for Integrating Heterogeneous Databases. Proceedings. Venezia University, Venezia, April 1989.Google Scholar
  16. N.M. Mattos. An approach to knowledge base Management. Berlin, Spring-Verlag, 1991.Google Scholar
  17. W. Mettrey. An assessment of tools for building large knowledge-based systems. AI Magazine, 8(4):81–9, Win 1989.Google Scholar
  18. M. Minsky. A framework for representing knowledge. In: Winston, D. (Eds). The psychology of computer vision. New York, McGraw Hill, 1975, pp 211–277.Google Scholar
  19. G. Salton and M.J. McGill. An Introduction to Modern Information Retrieval, New York, McGraw Hill, 1983.Google Scholar
  20. M. Stonebraker. The integration of rule systems and database systems. IEEE Transactions on Knowkedge and Data Engineering, Vol. 4, No. 5, October 1992.Google Scholar
  21. E.R. Tello. Guru-A complete integrated software package that includes an expert-system shell. Byte 11(8), August 1986Google Scholar
  22. Y. Vassiliou. Integrating database management and expert systems. GI-Conference on Database Systems for Office, Engineering and Science Environments. Proceedings. IFB 94, Springer-Verlag, Karlsruhe, March 1985.Google Scholar
  23. P.H. Winston and B.K.P. Horn. Lisp. Reading, Mass, Addison-Wesley, 1981.zbMATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mara Abel
    • 1
  • José Mauro Castilho
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de InformáticaUFRGSPorto AlegreBrazil

Personalised recommendations