Collective Electronic Oscillations on C60

  • Marek T. Michalewicz
  • Mukunda P. Das


The C 60 molecule, known also as buckyball, has a very interesting history. During 1980–85 mass spectroscopic studies of carbon by laser vaporisation of graphite revealed magic numbers of carbon clusters [1,2]. A special stablity was found for C 60 and C 70 in the joint Sussex-Rice experiment [2] and at the same time the correct structure was identified. The structure is analogous to the geodesic domes invented by Buckminster Fuller, hence the name Buckminsterfullerene or in short fullerene. In 1990 fullerene was isolated and a major breakthrough took place after Krätchmer et. al. [3] were successful in producing sizable quantities of the new compound. Apart from C 60 and C 70 other stable 3D cage-shaped molecules, for example C 28, C 32, C 50, C 84, C 240, C 540 were identified. During the past 4–5 years the study of the fullerenes has been fascinating because of several of its remarkable properties, such as the interesting chemistry, crystalline structure and structural transitions, electronic structure, collective electronic and vibrational properties, optical properties, phase transition and ferromagnetism and superconductivity upon doping. [4–10].


Valence Electron Local Density Approximation Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy High Energy Peak Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy Spectrum 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marek T. Michalewicz
    • 1
  • Mukunda P. Das
    • 2
  1. 1.Supercomputing Support Group, Division of Information TechnologyCommonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research OrganisationCarltonAustralia
  2. 2.Department of Theoretical Physics, Research School of Physical Sciences and EngineeringThe Australian National UniversityAustralia

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