Cognitive Analytic Therapy

  • Anthony Ryle
  • James Low


Cognitive analytic therapy (CAT) evolved as an integration of theory and practice from various sources. In the course of its development a number of particular therapeutic methods have evolved and an underlying theoretical model has been elaborated. The main sources were cognitive psychology and cognitive psychotherapy on the one hand and psychanalytic object relations theory, restated in a more cognitive language, on the other. The method is marked by an emphasis on the process of reformulation of the patient’s problems, the resulting descriptions being used as a “scaffolding” within which a range of therapeutic methods may be applied. Cognitive-behavioral methods and the use of transference are combined with the use of these descriptions by both therapist and patient as tools of understanding and change. A full account of the approach will be found in Ryle (1990).


Personality Disorder Borderline Personality Disorder Target Problem Mood Swing Personality Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Curtis, J. T, Silberschatz, G. (1986). Clinical implications of research on brief dynamic psychotherapy: 1. Formulating the patient’s goals and problems. Psychoanalytic Psychology, 3(1), 13–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Horowitz, M. J. (1979). States of mind: Analyses of change in psychotherapy. New York: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Liotti, G. (1987). The resistance to change of cognitive structures: A counter proposal to psychoanalytic meta psychology. Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy, 1, 87–104.Google Scholar
  4. Minsky, M., & Pappert, S. (1972). Artificial intelligence. (Progress report). Cambridge: Massachusetts Institute of Technology.Google Scholar
  5. Ogden, T. H. (1983). The concept of internal object relations. International Journal of Psychoanalysis, 64, 227–241.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Ryle, A. (1979). The focus in brief interpretive psychotherapy: Dilemmas, traps and snags as target problems. British Journal of Psychiatry, 134, 46–64.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Ryle, A. (1985). Cognitive theory, object relations and the self. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 58, 1–7.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Ryle, A. (1990). Cognitive-analytic therapy: Active participation in change. Chichester: WileyGoogle Scholar
  9. Vygotsky, L. S. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. (Ed. by M. Cole et al.). Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony Ryle
    • 1
  • James Low
    • 1
  1. 1.Psychotherapy Section, Division of Psychiatry, United Medical and Dental SchoolsGuy’s HospitalLondonEngland

Personalised recommendations