In this chapter, we will present an overview of the cyclical psychodynamic approach to psychotherapy integration (Wachtel, 1977). The cyclical psychodynamic method of psychotherapy was one of the first systems to achieve a good measure of true conceptual and methodological integration (Norcross, 1984). This approach to psychotherapy integration is based upon a theory of personality and psychopathology which is rooted in the tradition and concepts of psychodynamic theory but takes it in new directions. The cyclical approach to psychodynamics allows concepts from behavioral, cognitive, and systems approaches to be included in a contextually oriented dynamic theory and therapy.


Family Therapy Vicious Circle Therapeutic Relationship Individual Approach Psychoanalytic Theory 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jerold R. Gold
    • 1
  • Paul L. Wachtel
    • 2
  1. 1.Doctoral Program in Clinical PsychologyLong Island UniversityBrooklynUSA
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyCity College of the City University of New YorkNew YorkUSA

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