A Hermeneutic Approach to Integration: Psychotherapy within the Circle of Practical Activity

  • Michael A. Westerman


In many ways, psychotherapy appears to be characterized by circles. Patients want to change, but they approach their problems in a manner that reflects the very problems of concern. In particular, patients often engage in the therapeutic relationship in ways that replicate the interpersonal difficulties they hope to resolve. Therapists, for their part, try to help, but they bring their own feelings and conflicts to the therapeutic situation. Furthermore, insofar as therapy involves helping patients to accept more responsibility for their own lives, there is the circle or paradox of trying to influence another person so that he or she will become self-directed.


Therapeutic Relationship Practical Activity Therapeutic Process Therapeutic Effort Communication Theorist 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael A. Westerman
    • 1
  1. 1.Clinical Psychology Doctoral ProgramNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA

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