Inhibited Grief

  • Frank E. Gantz
  • Dolores Gallagher-Thompson
  • John L. Rodman


Losses of all kinds are extremely common in the lives of older adults, with spousal bereavement being the most common (see Cavanaugh, 1990). Spousal loss is more common for women; over half of all women over age 65 are widows, compared to only 15% of men of the same age. Other types of losses—such as friends moving away or dying, loss of income through retirement, loss of physical health or one’s functional capabilities, and so on—are more common among older adults, although they occur less frequently in younger segments of the population as well. Note that, according to several prominent researchers in the field, loss of a child may be the most painful type of bereavement one can experience (Osterweis, Solomon, & Green, 1984), and loss of a spouse may be more difficult for younger than for older persons (Parkes, 1987).


Negative Thought Veteran Affair Medical Hamilton Rate Scale Complicated Grief Grief Reaction 
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Suggested Readings

  1. Kushner, H. S. (1983). When bad things happen to good people. New York: Avon.Google Scholar
  2. Lewis, C. S. (1961). A grief observed. London: Faber & Faber.Google Scholar
  3. Rando, T. A. (1984). Grief, dying and death: Clinical interventions for caregivers. Champaign, IL: Research Press.Google Scholar
  4. Tatelbaum, J. (1980). The courage to grieve. New York: Harper & Row.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank E. Gantz
    • 1
  • Dolores Gallagher-Thompson
    • 2
    • 3
  • John L. Rodman
    • 4
  1. 1.Psychology ServiceVeterans Affairs Medical CenterSalisburyUSA
  2. 2.Older Adult and Family Research and Resource Center, Division of GerontologyStanford University School of MedicineStanfordUSA
  3. 3.Geriatric Research, Education, and Clinical CenterVeterans Affairs Medical CenterPalo AltoUSA
  4. 4.Department of PsychiatryThe Ramsey ClinicSt. PaulUSA

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