Theory and Model Development

  • Meni Koslowsky
  • Avraham N. Kluger
  • Mordechai Reich
Part of the The Plenum Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)


Among the major difficulties with research in the field of commuting are the incompatible conceptualizations of the process that has spawned inconsistent or unstable findings. As we saw in the previous chapters, the independent variables, the dependent variables, and the linkages among them frequently differed across studies. This fact, more than any other, has contributed to the ambiguity in the field and has been partly responsible for the inherent difficulty in drawing definitive conclusions. The criticism leveled at social sciences that worthwhile inferences from the data available in a specific field are often nonexistent is an old one and is a legitimate frustration felt within and without the discipline. It is this (sometimes, sad) state of affairs, more than any other reason, that has been responsible for the popularity of techniques such as meta-analysis over the past decade (Hunter & Schmidt, 1990).


Organizational Commitment Strain Response Performance Appraisal Mass Transportation Withdrawal Behavior 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Meni Koslowsky
    • 1
  • Avraham N. Kluger
    • 2
  • Mordechai Reich
    • 3
  1. 1.Bar-Ilan UniversityRamat GanIsrael
  2. 2.The Hebrew University of JerusalemJerusalemIsrael
  3. 3.Private PracticeEfratIsrael

Personalised recommendations