Linewidth of a Two-Photon Micromaser

  • M. S. Zubairy
  • A. H. Toor
  • S.-Y. Zhu
Conference paper


The two-photon micromaser provides a clean setup to study two-photon processes. A two-photon lnicromaser was experimentally demonstrated by Brune et at. [1] by using a. Niobium superconducting cavity. In this paper, we extended the quantum theory of the two-photon lnicromaser developed by Ashraf, Gea- Banacloche, and Zubairy [2] to study the linewidth by using an ansatz method [3]. We consider a three-level atomic system interacting with a single mode of radiation field inside a cavity with the intermediate level detuned from the cavity mode. We compare the results, under the large detuning limit, with those obtained from an effective Hamiltonian approach.


Cavity Mode Thermal Photon Photon Distribution Function Perfect Periodicity Quantum Regression Theorem 
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  1. [1]
    M. Brune, J.M. Raimond, P. Goy, L. Davidovich, and S. Haroche, “Realization of a. two-photon maser oscillation”, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1899 (1987).Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    I. Ashraf, J.Gea-Banacloche, and M.S. Zubairy, “Theory of the two-photon micromaser: photon statistics”, Phys. Rev. A 42, 6704 (1990).Google Scholar
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    L. Pedrotti, M.O. Scully, and M.S. Zubairy, “Quantum theory of laser revisted: an exact calculation of the off-diagonal elements”, in Coherence and Quantum Optics VI ed. by L. Mandel and E. Wolf (Plenum, New York, 1984 ) p. 899.Google Scholar
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    A.ll. Toor and M.S. Zubairy. “Validity of the effective Hamiltonian in the two-photon atom-field interaction”, Phys. Rev. A 45, 4951 (1992).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. S. Zubairy
    • 1
  • A. H. Toor
    • 1
  • S.-Y. Zhu
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of ElectronicsQuaid-i-Azam UniversityIslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsHong Kong Baptist UniversityHong Kong

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