Analytic Calculation of the Atom Counting Statistics for the One-Atom Maser
In one-atom-maser (OAM) experiments  the atom enters a high-Q microwave resonator in the upper one of the two Rydberg states of the maser transition, interacts for a certain time with a single resonant mode of the quantized electromagnetic field, and is them probed for its final states. These final states, |A〉 or |B〉, can be either pure Rydberg states themselves or their coherent superpositions depending on the specific experimental setup. Direct measurements of the properties of the photon state are virtually impossible, but the population statistics of the emerging atom — or rather corresponding detector clicks — can be determined experimentally. In this paper we present an analytical method for calculating the mean number of successive detector clicks of the same kind.
KeywordsRydberg State Photon State Liouville Operator Cavity Decay Cavity Quantum Electrodynamic
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