Hollow Optical Fiber Atom Waveguides

  • Joseph J. Hope
  • Craig M. Savage
Conference paper


In principle atomic de Broglie waves can be guided down the hole of a hollow optical fiber1. Light is guided in the glass and the atoms are prevented from hitting the walls by repulsive forces due to the evanescent field at the glass/hole interface. Hollow optical fiber atom optics devices are interesting due to their mechanical flexibility and small volume. With hole diameters of the order of one micron relatively low guided laser powers produce high confining potentials. Intra-fiber sisyphus cooling is possible2. Hollow optical fiber could potentially be used to construct gravitational cavities3 for atoms or ions, large area atomic interferometers, and atomic cavities for “bosers”.


Standing Wave Rabi Frequency Stimulate Brillouin Scattering Gain Coefficient Evanescent Field 
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    S. Marksteiner, C.M. Savage, P. Zoller, S.L. Rolston, Coherent atomic waveguides from hollow optical fibers: quantized atomic motion, Phys. Rev. A 50: 2680 (1994)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Yu. B Ovchinnikov, J. Söding, and R. Grimm, Cooling atoms in dark gravitational laser traps, JETP Lett. 61: 21 (1995).Google Scholar
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    D.J. Harris and C.M. Savage, Atomic gravitational cavities from hollow optical fibers, Phys. Rev. A 51: 3967 (1995).Google Scholar
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    J.J. Hope and C.M. Savage, Band gaps for atoms in light based waveguides, unpublished.Google Scholar
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    G.P. Agrawal, “Nonlinear Fiber Optics,” Chaps. 8,9, Academic Press, London, (1989).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph J. Hope
    • 1
  • Craig M. Savage
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Physics and Theoretical PhysicsAustralian National UniversityACTAustralia

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