Laser cooling Physical mechanisms and ultimate limits

  • Claude Cohen-Tannoudji
Conference paper


A review will be presented of various physical mechanisms allowing one to reduce the momentum spread δp of an ensemble of atoms to the lowest possible value. Emphasis will be put on recent developments which have led, in one, two and three dimensions, to values of δp well below the single photon momentum ħk. New theoretical approaches giving physical insight into the long time limit of these subrecoil cooling methods will be also described.


Electrical Engineer Time Limit Theoretical Approach Single Photon Physical Mechanism 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claude Cohen-Tannoudji
    • 1
  1. 1.Collège de France and Laboratoire Kastler BrosselParis Cedex 05France

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