One’s Company; Two’s a Crowd Skills in Living Alone Groups

  • Laura Primakoff

Abstract

Singleness and living alone are rapidly growing phenomena in our society (Stein, 1976). This is reflective of changes in life-style and values taking place on a societal level in the United States. Our society is beginning to experience some dramatic structural changes in the nature of people’s social relationships and living arrangements that entail more and more people living outside the traditional context of marriage and romantic love; 1 of every 5 American households consists of just one person (Going it Alone,September 4, 1978, p. 76). (This figure does not include the sizeable number of single-parent households.) This may represent a type of sociological evolution in the latter part of the twentieth century, when for a variety of social, cultural, and economic reasons, for a growing minority of the population, the individual constitutes the social unit, rather than the family or the couple.

Keywords

Romantic Relationship Cognitive Therapy Homework Assignment Automatic Thought Romantic Love 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adams, M. Single blessedness. New York: Basic Books, 1976.Google Scholar
  2. Altman, I. The environment and social behavior. Monterey, Calif.: Brooks/Cole, 1975.Google Scholar
  3. Beck, A. T. Thinking and depression. New York: The Institute for Rational Living, undated. (Reprinted from Archives of General Psychiatry, 1963, 9, 324–333. Copies available from the Institute for Rational Living, Inc., 45 East 65th St., New York, N.Y., 10021.) Beck, A. T. Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. New York: International Universities Press, 1976.Google Scholar
  4. Beck, A. T., and Greenberg, R. L. Coping with depression. New York: The Institute for Rational Living, 1974. (Copies available from the Institute for Rational Living, Inc., 45 East 65th St., New York, N.Y., 10021.)Google Scholar
  5. Beck, A. T., Rush, A. J., Shaw, B. F., and Emery, G. Cognitive therapy of depression. New York: Guilford, 1979.Google Scholar
  6. Bracken, P. The I hate to housekeep book. New York: Fawcett, 1962.Google Scholar
  7. Brownfield, C. A. The brain benders. New York: Exposition, 1972.Google Scholar
  8. Burns, D. Feeling good. New York: Morrow, 1980.Google Scholar
  9. Creel, H. L. Cooking for one is fun. New York: Quadrangle, 1976.Google Scholar
  10. Deaton, J. E., Berg, S. W., Richlin, M., and Litrownik, A. J. Coping activities in solitary confinement of U.S. Navy POW’s in Vietnam. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 1977, 7, 239–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Dodson, B. Liberating masturbation: A meditation of self-love. New York: Author, 1974. Downing, G. The massage book. New York: Random House, 1972.Google Scholar
  12. Edwards, M., and Hoover, E. The challenge of being single. New York: New American Library, 1974.Google Scholar
  13. Ellis, A. Reason and emotion in psychotherapy. New York: Lyle Stuart, 1962.Google Scholar
  14. Ellis, A. Sex and the liberated man. Secaucus, N.J.: Lyle Stuart, 1976.Google Scholar
  15. Ellis, A. The intelligent woman’s guide to dating and mating. Secaucus, N.J.: Lyle Stuart, 1979.Google Scholar
  16. Ellis, A., and Harper, R. A. A new guide to rational living. Hollywood, Calif Wilshire, 1975.Google Scholar
  17. Going it alone: The new status of singleness. Newsweek, September 4, 1978.Google Scholar
  18. Hawkins, R., Setty, R. and Baldwin, B. Weight control treatment manual. Unpublished manuscript, University of Texas at Austin, 1977.Google Scholar
  19. Ittelson, W. H., Proshansky, H. M., Rivlin, L. G., and Winkel, G. H. An introduction to environmental psychology. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1974.Google Scholar
  20. Johnson, S. M. First person singular. New York: Signet, 1977.Google Scholar
  21. Kangas, P. E. The single professional woman: A phenomenological study. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, California School of Professional Psychology, 1977.Google Scholar
  22. Kanter, M. K. Psychological implications of never-married women who live alone. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, California School of Professional Psychology, 1977.Google Scholar
  23. Kelly, K. L. Lifestyles of unmarried adults. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, The University of Nebraska-Lincoln, 1977.Google Scholar
  24. Kovacs, M. Cognitive therapy of depression: Maladaptive structures. Unpublished manuscript, Center for Cognitive Therapy, Philadelphia, Pa.Google Scholar
  25. Lazarus, A. A. Behavior therapy and beyond. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1971.Google Scholar
  26. Lazarus, A. A. Multimodal behavior therapy. New York: Springer, 1976.Google Scholar
  27. Lilly, J. C. The deep self. New York: Warner, 1977.Google Scholar
  28. Lindbergh, A. M. Gift from the sea. New York: Random House, 1955.Google Scholar
  29. Maslow, A. H. Toward a psychology of being. New York: D. VanNostrand, 1968.Google Scholar
  30. May, R. Man’s search for himself. New York: Norton, 1953.Google Scholar
  31. Meichenbaum, D. Cognitive-behavior modification. New York: Plenum, 1977. Naar, J., and Siple, M. Living in one room. St. Paul, Minn.: Vintage, 1976.Google Scholar
  32. Parmalee, P., and Werner, C. Lonely losers: Stereotypes of single dwellers. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 1978, 4, 292–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Peele, S. Love and addiction. New York: Signet, 1976.Google Scholar
  34. Perlman, D., and Peplau, L. A. Toward a social psychology of loneliness. In R. Gilmour and S. Duck (Eds.),/ Personal relationships in disorder. London: Academic Press, 1981.Google Scholar
  35. Primakoff, L. Patterns of living alone and loneliness: A cognitive-behavioral analysis. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Texas at Austin, 1981. The Reader’s Digest complete do-it-yourself manual. New York: Norton, 1981.Google Scholar
  36. Sarton, M. Journal of a solitude. New York: Norton, 1973.Google Scholar
  37. Shaver, P., and Rubinstein, C. Living alone, loneliness and health. Paper presented at the annual convention of the American Psychological Association, New York, September 1979.Google Scholar
  38. Stein, P. J. Single. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice-Hall, 1976.Google Scholar
  39. Suedfeld, P. Aloneness as a healing experience. In L. A. Peplau and D. Perlman (Eds.), Loneliness: A sourcebook of current theory, research and therapy. New York: Wiley-Interscience, 1982.Google Scholar
  40. Thoreau, H. D. Walden and other writings. Ed. by Brooks Atkinson. New York: Random House, 1937.Google Scholar
  41. Young, J. Loneliness, depression and cognitive therapy: Theory and application. In L. A. Peplau and D. Perlman (Eds.), Loneliness: A sourcebook of current theory, research and therapy. New York: Wiley-Interscience, 1982.Google Scholar
  42. Zuckerman, M. Perceptual isolation as a stress situation. Archives of General Psychiatry, 1964, 11, 255–276.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Laura Primakoff
    • 1
  1. 1.Center for Cognitive Therapy, Department of PsychiatryUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

Personalised recommendations