Habitat-Related Patterns of Productivity of the Foliaceous Reef Coral, Pavona Praetorta Dana

  • David S. Wethey
  • James W. Porter


Reef corals contain mutualistic symbiotic zooxanthellae which photosynthesize and translocate photosynthate to the animal partner, although the animal is capable of tentacular feeding and other heterotrophic activities (Goreau, et al., 1971; Muscatine, 1973; Trench, 1974; Porter, 1974; Muscatine and Porter, 1976). Many workers have examined the photosynthesis of reef corals (McCloskey, et al., 1976) but habitat acclimation has generally been ignored.


Reef Coral Radiant Flux Fore Reef Marshall Island Bottom Trace 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Barnes, D. J., 1973. Growth in colonial scleractinians. Bull. Mar. Sci., 23:280–298.Google Scholar
  2. Barnes, D. J., and D. L. Taylor, 1973. In situ studies of calcification and photosynthetic carbon fixation in the coral Montastrea annularis. Helgoländer wiss. Meeresunters., 24:284–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bliss, C. I., and A. T. James, 1966. Fitting the rectangular hyperbola. Biometrics, 22:573–602.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Brakel, W., 1976. The ecology of coral shapes: microhabitat variations in the growth form and skeletal structure of Porites on a Jamaican reef. Ph. D. Dissertation, Yale University.Google Scholar
  5. Franzisket, L., 1969. The ratio of photosynthesis to respiration of reef building corals during a 24 hour period. Forma et Functio, 1:153–158.Google Scholar
  6. Goreau, T. F., 1963. Calcium carbonate deposition by coralline algae and corals in relation to their roles as reef builders. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci., 109:127–167.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Goreau, T. F., N. I. Goreau, and C. M. Yonge, 1971. Reef corals: autotrophs or heterotrophs? Biol. Bull., 141:247–260.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hanson, K. R., R. Ling, and E. Havir, 1967. A computer program for fitting data to the Michaelis-Menten equation. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun., 29:194–197.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Humphrey, G. F., 1976. Project Report, C. S. I. R. O. Marine Biochemistry Unit, Sydney, Australia.Google Scholar
  10. Johannes, R. E., S. L. Coles, and N. T. Kuenzel, 1970. The role of zooplankton in the nutrition of some scleractinian corals. Limnol. Oceanogr., 15:579–586.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lewis, J. B., and W. S. Price, 1975. Feeding mechanisms and feeding strategies of Atlantic reef corals. J. Zool. Lond., 176:527–544.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. McCloskey, L. R., D. S. Wethey, and J. W. Porter, 1976. The measurements and interpretation of photosynthesis and respiration in reef corals. Monogr. Oceanogr. Methods (Scor-Unesco), 4 (in press).Google Scholar
  13. Muscatine, L., 1973. Nutrition of corals. pp. 77–115. in: Jones, O. A., and R. Endean (eds.), The Biology and Geology of Coral Reefs. Vol. 2, Biology 1. Academic Press, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Muscatine, L., and E. Cernichiari, 1969. Assimilation of photosynthetic products of zooxanthellae by a reef coral. Biol. Bull., 137:506–523.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Muscatine, L., R. R. Pool, and E. Cernichiari, 1972. Some factors influencing selective release of soluble organic material by zooxanthellae from reef corals. Mar. Biol., 13:298–308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Muscatine, L., and J. W. Porter, 1976. Reef corals: mutualistic symbioses adapted to nutrient-poor environments. Bioscience (in press).Google Scholar
  17. Porter, J. W., 1974. Zooplankton feeding by the Caribbean reef-building coral Montastrea cavernosa. Proc. Second Int. Coral Reef Symp., 1:111–125.Google Scholar
  18. Porter, J. W., 1976. Autotrophy, heterotrophy, and resource partitioning in Caribbean corals. Amer. Natur, (in press).Google Scholar
  19. Roos, P. J., 1967. Growth and occurrence of the reef coral Porites astreoides Lamarck in relation to submarine radiance distribution. Dukkerij Elinkwijk, Utrecht. 72 pp.Google Scholar
  20. Trench, R. K., 1971. The physiology and biochemistry of zooxanthellae symbiotic with marine coelenterates. I. Assimilation of photosynthetic products of zooxanthellae by two marine coelenterates. Proc. R. Soc. Lond. B, 177:225–235.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Trench, R. K., 1974. Nutritional potentials in Zoanthus sociatus (Coelenterata, Anthozoa). Helgoländer wiss. Meeresunters., 26:174–216.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Wells, J. W., 1957. Coral reefs. Geol. Soc. Amer. Mem., 67: 1087–1104.Google Scholar
  23. Wethey, D. S., and J. W. Porter, 1976. ’sun’ and’ shade’ differences in the productivity of reef corals. Nature, 262:281–282.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • David S. Wethey
    • 1
  • James W. Porter
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Biological Sciences and School of Natural ResourcesUniversity of MichiganAnn ArborUSA

Personalised recommendations