Cubomedusae: Feeding — Functional Morphology, Behavior and Phylogenetic Position

  • R. J. Larson


The cubomedusae, well known as the “sea-wasps”, are also notorious because of their voracious feeding habits, F. Conant (1898), who made the first notable study of the biology of cubomedusae, was amazed that Carybdea could capture and swallow relatively large fish., Barnes (1966) who worked on Australian cubomedusae was greatly impressed by the ability of Chiropsalmus and Chironex to consume numerous shrimp of the genus Acetes. Detailed studies of prey capture and transfer, and other aspects of feeding are nonexistent. In fact, except for a few published accounts, such as Southward’s (1955) paper on Aurelia and Smith’s (1936) paper on Cassiopea, no other extensive work has been reported concerning feeding in medusae. In this paper, a comprehensive account of feeding behavior and functional morphology of feeding structures are provided for the cubomedusae, with particular emphasis on Carybdea marsupialis (L.).


Prey Capture Functional Morphology Gastric Cavity Caridean Shrimp Night Light 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1976

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. J. Larson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Marine ScienceUniversity of Puerto RicoMayaguezUSA

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