Clostridia pp 193-225 | Cite as

Bioconversions

  • J. Gareth Morris
Part of the Biotechnology Handbooks book series (BTHA, volume 3)

Abstract

Among the characteristic properties of Clostridia are several that make these bacteria particularly useful agents of anaerobic bioconversions. Despite being obligate anaerobes they are not so aero-intolerant that in culture, or in washed cell suspension, they cannot survive the occasional encounter with oxygen, in this sense behaving as moderate anaerobes. Even so, they are in general highly reducing organisms capable of developing and sustaining a low redox potential (E h ) in their environment. The required reducing power is generated by their fermentative metabolism, though many species are also equipped with an uptake hydrogenase capable of utilizing H2 gas as a supplemental electron donor. Almost exclusively, they acquire their free energy from fermentation processes and different species can utilize different substrates (carbohydrates, amino acids, purines, and pyrimidines) by a variety of fermentation pathways. In consequence, the genus is a particularly rich mine of unfamiliar biochemistry and novel enzymology.

Keywords

Bile Acid Cholic Acid Ursodeoxycholic Acid Chenodeoxycholic Acid Clostridium Perfringens 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Gareth Morris
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biological SciencesUniversity College of WalesPenglais, Aberystwyth, DyfedWales

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