Developmental/Mental Retardation

  • Charles Carr Cleland
Part of the Applied Clinical Psychology book series (NSSB)


Curiosity has characterized human interest in the nature of intelligence since the earliest recorded time. Questions such as “Why do some people have so much, others so little?” have undoubtedly echoed through the corridors of time. In this chapter, our principal concern is directed toward one developmental disability that impacts approximately 7 million U.S. citizens (Cleland & Swartz, 1982), and this disability is mental retardation. Coverage will focus on research and history from antiquity to the present. However, before beginning our historical journey, let’s first define developmental disability and mental retardation.


Mental Retardation Developmental Disability Genital Herpes Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Endemic Goiter 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Charles Carr Cleland
    • 1
  1. 1.Educational Psychology and Special EducationUniversity of TexasAustinUSA

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