Notes on the Use of Biological Markers in the Study of Long-Term Stress

  • Tores Theorell
Part of the The Plenum Series in Behavioral Psychophysiology and Medicine book series (SSBP)


The development of applied physiology relevant to the stress researcher has been rapid during recent decades. This development means that it is now possible to record minute changes in the blood concentration of hormones, immunoglobulins, and lipoproteins, as well as the urinary and salivary excretion of several hormones. Furthermore, it is possible to follow physiological functions, such as electrical activity in the brain and the heart, as well as blood pressure measured at regular intervals in a fully automated way throughout day and night. One of the problems is that there are too many parameters that could be studied. Accordingly, it is important to give thought to the choice of parameters. In this chapter, I do not intend to present a comprehensive review of this field, but rather to give examples of the use of relevant markers and issues that have to be raised in the interpretation of results.


Psychosomatic Medicine Plasma Testosterone Decision Latitude Psychological Demand Plasma Prolactin Level 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tores Theorell
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Psychosocial Factors and HealthStockholmSweden

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