Cities and Countryside in Anthropology

  • Anthony Leeds
Part of the Environment, Development, and Public Policy book series (EDPC)

Abstract

Most current discussion of “urbanism” and “urbanization” can be shown to be ethno- and temporocentric and based on a historically particular class of urban phenomena and urban forms of integration. Exegesis of text after text—whether produced by persons ostensibly doing “pure,” “objective,” descriptive, or “basic” science, or engaged in some form of application—shows systematic orientations whose axiomatic presuppositions and logical consequences can be clearly laid out as emanations of a specific world view.

Keywords

Urban Form Capitalist Society World City Urban Place Urban Society 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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    These are clearly urban centers, at least in the sense of this chapter. Each is a central place, with a central administration. Each has a remarkable array of specializations and specialists. Each is itself a specialized nucleation with a specialized function in the larger society, and a nodal point for exchange and transfer, as of taxes and foodstuffs. Each is hierarchic, class-divided, and institutionally complex. Each has its literate system of complex record keeping, ranging from censuses to production and tax figures. Each is a substate of a more inclusive state. See, in this connection, Abbot Irminon (ca. 800 A.D.), “The Polyptich of Saint Germain des Prés” (trans. from A. Longnon, Polyptique de l’Abbaye Saint-Germain des Prés, II) (Paris, 1892), in Introduction to Contemporary Civilization in the West, Vol. 1 ed. Contemporary Civilization Staff, Columbia College (New York: Columbia, 1946), 34–38; Louis the Pious (ca. 795 A.D.), “Capitulare de Villis,” from Monumenta Germaniae Historica, Leges II, 1 (1883) (trans. in Introduction to Contemporary Civilization in the West), Vol. 1, 25–33; J. Mundy and P. Riseneberg, The Medieval Town (Princeton, N.J.: Van Nostrand, 1948); H. Pirenne, Medieval Cities (Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Anchor, 1956 originally published, 1925 ).Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony Leeds
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyBoston UniversityBostonUSA

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