Chloride Transport across Glial Membranes

  • H. K. Kimelberg

Abstract

Ions flow across cell membranes by two major classes of transport mechanisms. One class is represented by ion channels, which are best viewed as water-filled pathways through specific proteins embedded in the membrane lipid bilayer (Hille, 1984). Such channels show selectivity for different ions according to size and charge. The rate of movement of ions through these channels is determined by the electrochemical driving force on the ion and the individual conductances of the channels. Characteristically, channel-mediated fluxes are very large, in excess of 106 ions/sec per channel (Hille, 1984). The number of channels per unit area, the rate at which these channels open, and the duration of time they are open are important determinants of channel-mediated ion fluxes. Channel opening can be modified by transmembrane voltage, specific ligands, or when tension is applied to the membrane (Sachs, 1988). In the case of the various chloride channels, all these forces seem to operate as we shall learn later in this chapter as well as in other chapters in this volume.

Keywords

Glial Cell Regulatory Volume Decrease Ehrlich Ascites Tumor Cell Olfactory Cortex Dibutyryl cAMP 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. K. Kimelberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Neurosurgery, Departments of Biochemistry and Pharmacology/Toxicology, and Program in NeuroscienceAlbany Medical CollegeAlbanyUSA

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