Theoretical and Historical Review
Interest in dreams has existed in all cultures throughout time. Primitive cultures believed the dream may have been a communication from the Gods. Van de Castle (1971) reviewed dream theories from various ancient cultures and reported that, during the Age of Reason in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, dream research fell into scientific disrepute as a result of its subjectivity. It was not legitimized until Freud (1900) theorized that dreams were a vehicle for penetrating the hidden core (or unconscious) of the personality. Winget and Kramer (1979) reported that investigators from various disciplines increasingly became interested in the dream as a type of personal document, like a diary or autobiography. They also cited that numerous sociologists and anthropologists used the dream to gain knowledge about the relationship between the individual and society. To these investigators, the dreams reported by a society’s members served as metaphors depicting the relationship of these people to their society.
KeywordsHistorical Review Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Latent Content Dream Content Manifest Content
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