Chemical Images and Chemical Information

  • Stephan E. Natynczuk
  • Eric S. Albone


Much has been written implicating scent profiles, odour fingerprints and scent images in vertebrate chemical communication (Albone, 1984; Gorman et al, 1984; Macdonald et al., 1984; Smith et al., 1985; Apps, 1990; Natynczuk and Macdonald, this volume), yet we are still uncertain as to how biological information is organized in a scent or chemical image. In this brief discussion we wish to further explore the notion that an animal may present €. chemical image to its environment and to discuss the extent to which this complex image, which may accurately encode an animal’s biological condition, is organised.


Gland Secretion Chemical Information Scent Marking Brown Hare Scent Profile 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Albone, E.S., 1984, “Mammalian Semiochemistry”, Wiley Interscience, Chicester.Google Scholar
  2. Albone, E.S., 1990, Mammalian semiochenistry and its application, in: “Chemical Signals in Vertebrates V”, D.W. Macdonald, D. Muller-Schwarze, and S.E. Natynczuk, eds, Oxford University Press, Oxford pp. 77–83.Google Scholar
  3. Apps, P.J., 1990, Dynamic solvent effect sampling for quantitative analysis of semiochemicals, in: “Chemical Signals in Vertebrates V”, D.W. Macdonald, D. Muller-Schwarze, and S.E. Natynczuk, eds., Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 23–33.Google Scholar
  4. Bradshaw, J.W.S., Natynczuk, S.E., and Macdonald, D.W., 1990, Potential for applications of anal sac volatiles from domestic dogs, in: “Chemical Signals in Vertebrates V”, D.W. Macdonald, D. Muller-Schwarze, and S.E. Natynczuk, eds,, Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 640–644.Google Scholar
  5. Brown, R.E., 1985, The rodents, in: “Social Odors in Mammals”, R.E. Brown and D.W. Macdonald, eds., Oxford University Press, Oxford, pp. 245–506.Google Scholar
  6. Chatfield, C., 1988, “Problem Solving: A Statistical Guide”, Chapman and Hall, London.Google Scholar
  7. Davies, J.M., Lachno, D.R., and Roper, T.J., 1988, The anal gland secretion of the European badger (Mele:; meles) and its role in social communication, J. Zool. Lond., 216: 455–463.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Digby, P.G.N., and Kempton, R.A., 1987, “Multivariate Analysis of Ecological Communities”, Chapman and Hall, London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Efford, M.G., 1985, “The Structure and Dynamics of Water Vole Populations”, D. Phil. Thesis, Oxford University.Google Scholar
  10. Gilbert, N., 1989, “Biometrical Interpretation”, Oxford University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  11. Gorman, M.L. Kruuk, H., and Leitch, A., 1984, Social functions of the subcaudal scent gland secretion of the European badger Meles meles (Carnivora: Mustelidae), J. Zool. Lond., 204: 549–559.Google Scholar
  12. Jemiolo, B., Andreolini, F., Wiesler, D., and Novotny, M., 1987, Variations in mouse (Mus musculus) urinary volatiles during different periods of pregnancy and lactation, J. Chem. Ecol., 13: 1941–1956.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Macdonald, D.W., Krantz, K., and Aplin, R.T., 1984, Behavioral, anatomical and chemical aspects of scent markings amongst capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrehaeis) (Rodentia: Caviomormpha), J. Zool. Lond., 202: 341–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Mykytowycz, R., 1966, Observations on odoriferous and other glands in the Australian wild rabbit, Oryctolagus cuniculus (L), and the hare, Lepus europaeus. II. The inguinal glands. CSIRO Wildl. Res., 11: 49–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Natynczuk, S.E., 1990, Ultrasound and semiochemistry in rat social behavior, D.Phil. Thesis, Oxford University.Google Scholar
  16. Natynczuk, S.E., Bradshaw, J.W.S., and Macdonald, D.W., 1989, Chemical constituents of the anal sacs of domestic dogs, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 17: 83–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Natynczuk, S.E. and Macdonald, D.W., 1991, Sex, scent, scent matching and the self calibrating rat (in preparation).Google Scholar
  18. Smith, A.B., Belcher, A.M., Epple, G., Jurs, P.C., and Levine, B., 1985, Computerized pattern recognition: a new technique for the analysis of chemical communication, Science, 228: 175–177.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Southwood, T.R.E., 1978, “Ecological Methods”, 2nd Edition, Chapman and Hall, London.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Stonier, T., 1990, “Information and the Internal Structure of the Universe”, London, Springer-Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stephan E. Natynczuk
    • 1
    • 2
  • Eric S. Albone
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Clifton ScientificClifton CollegeBristolUK
  2. 2.School of ChemistryUniversity of BristolBristolUK

Personalised recommendations