The Functional Architecture of Area V2 in the Macaque Monkey

Physiology, Topography, and Connectivity
  • Anna Wang Roe
  • Daniel Y. Ts’o
Part of the Cerebral Cortex book series (CECO, volume 12)


One of the most striking aspects of the primate visual cortex is the remarkable extent of internal structure and organization within V 1, and the second visual area, V2. Architecturally, V2 is composed of an interleaved series of bands specialized for the processing of the visual submodalities of form, color, and depth, known as the V2 stripes. The unique position of V2 in the visual hierarchy at the juncture of the higher visual pathways suggests that its segregated functional architecture facilitates the channeling of visual input into these pathways for handling “what” and “where” visual information. Thus the organization and connectivity of V2 perhaps most clearly embodies the notion of parallel and integrated processing of form, color, motion, and stereopsis, as observed psychophysically in studies of human visual performance. In comparison to primary visual cortex V 1, the architecture and functional role of V2 has only recently been studied in earnest. This chapter reviews the current understanding of the modular organization within stripes, the functional properties of V2 stripes, the visual map with respect to the stripes, and the functional connectivity of V2 stripes with other cortical areas.


Receptive Field Squirrel Monkey Macaque Monkey Illusory Contour Striate Cortex 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anna Wang Roe
    • 1
  • Daniel Y. Ts’o
    • 2
  1. 1.Section in NeurobiologyYale University School of MedicineNew HavenUSA
  2. 2.Department of NeurobiologyRockefeller UniversityNew YorkUSA

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