Cingulate Cortex

  • Brent Alan Vogt
Part of the Cerebral Cortex book series (CECO, volume 4)

Abstract

Each cortical region has unique functional properties which depend upon its cytological composition and connections. Cingulate cortex stands out as being of particular interest for a growing number of reasons. First, it has been implicated in emotion (Papez, 1937) and affective responses to pain (White and Sweet, 1969). It has also been linked directly to the pain/opiate system with receptor binding, enkephalin immunohistochemical, and connectional procedures. Second, laminar and cytological variations are present in cingulate cortex which cast light on general questions regarding the nature of cortical transition and structural equivalencies of cortical areas among different species. Third, thalamocortical connections have a unique pattern of termination and histochemistry. Fourth, cingulate cortex is a major component of the cholinergic system as early defined with an assay for acetylcholinesterase activity (Lewis and Shute, 1967) and more recently with receptor binding and choline acetyltransferase immunohistochemistry. Fifth, the medial location of cingulate cortex above the corpus callosum provides a unique opportunity for removing slices of cortex together with a single afferent for electrophysiological analyses of the properties of neurons and the synaptic activity of isolated excitatory inputs to cortical cells.

Keywords

Anterior Cingulate Cortex Pyramidal Neuron Thalamic Nucleus Layer Versus Posterior Cingulate Cortex 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Brent Alan Vogt
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Anatomy and PhysiologyBoston University School of MedicineBostonUSA

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