The Extrastriate Visual Cortex

A Historical Approach to the Relation between the “Visuo-Sensory” and “Visuo-Psychic” Areas
  • Irving T. Diamond
  • David Fitzpatrick
  • James M. Sprague
Part of the Cerebral Cortex book series (CECO, volume 4)


At one time the visual cortex meant exclusively the “calcarine” area of Campbell which was later called area 17 by Brodmann (1905) or the striate area by many others. The idea of an extrastriate visual cortex is a more recent concept developed to account for increasing evidence of visual sensory functions for the cortical areas lying rostral to the striate area. In the traditional view the extrastriate visual areas were called association cortex, suggesting a higher level of function and the absence of modality specificity. There is one slight qualification: the region lying immediately adjacent to striate was indeed considered a part of association cortex and served the higher function of association, but according to Campbell it performed this role more or less exclusively with the information received from striate cortex. To suggest the modality-specific but higher function of the regions investing the striate area, Campbell used the term “visuo-psychic” area, while the striate area itself was called “visuo-sensory.”


Visual Cortex Receptive Field Superior Colliculus Lateral Geniculate Nucleus Striate Cortex 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1985

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irving T. Diamond
    • 1
  • David Fitzpatrick
    • 1
  • James M. Sprague
    • 2
  1. 1.Departments of Psychology and AnatomyDuke UniversityDurhamUSA
  2. 2.Department of AnatomyUniversity of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA

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