Batak Foraging Camps Today: A Window to the History of a Hunting-Gathering Economy

  • James F. Eder


Hunter-gatherers rarely existed in total isolation, and since the advent of farming, most, like the Mbuti, had close contact with agriculturalists. Nevertheless, the prevalent assumption has been that as hunting and gathering societies take up farming, they (1) become more integrated with and often dependent upon the wider social system almost immediately and that (2) they make a sharp transition from mobility to sedentism.


Local Group Residential Location Upland Rice Wage Labor Subsistence Activity 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • James F. Eder
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyArizona State UniversityTempeUSA

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