Quality of Life

Geographic and Cultural Differences
  • John Orley


The World Health Organization has, over the last ten years been working on the assessment of quality of life in health care settings. Some focused work in the last five years has resulted in the development of an instrument/questionnaire — the WHOQOL-100 — to assess Quality of Life (QOL)1,2. This instrument has been developed simultaneously in 14 countries around the world (e.g. France, India, Panama, Thailand, United States, Zimbabwe), representing very different cultural traditions.


Living Place World Health Organization Quality Focus Group Inquiry Spiritual Domain Health Related Concern 
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  1. 1.
    The WHOQOL Group. The World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment (WHOQOL): Position Paper from the World Health Organization. Social Science and Medicine 1995: 41: 1403–1409.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Szabo S (on behalf of the WHOQOL Group). The World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL) Assessment Instrument. In: Spilker B, ed. Quality of Life and Pharmacoeconomics in Clinical Trials Second Edition. Philadelphia: Raven Publishers, 1996: 355–362.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • John Orley
    • 1
  1. 1.Programme on Mental Health, Division of Mental Health and Prevention of Substance AbuseWorld Health OrganizationGenevaSwitzerland

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