Hourly Training Needs: The Bottom Line Reaches the Leading Edge

  • P. N. Blanchard


The business and labor environment of the 1980s and early 1990s has surfaced issues which have made traditional approaches to labor relations less effective. A slowing economy, increased domestic and offshore competition and the changing demographics of organized labor are resulting in cooperative and creative approaches to restructuring organizations, redesigning jobs, compensating hourly employees and providing job security. The responses of unions and management to this environment (downsizing, restructuring, job security, working conditions, etc.) impact the design of jobs and the corresponding skill and knowledge requirements for hourly workers.


Business Unit Component Plant Employee Involvement High Involvement Team Building 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Bennis, W., and Nanus, B. Leaders. New York: Harper & Row, 1985.Google Scholar
  2. Champoux, Joseph. “A Three Sample Test of Some Extensions to the Job Characteristics Model of Work Motivation”. Academy of Management Journal, 1980, vol. 23, 3, pp. 466–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Drucker, P. “Permanent Cost Cutting”. Wallstreet Journal, Jan.11, 1991.Google Scholar
  4. Evans, M. G., Kiggundu, M. N., and House, R. J. “A Partial Test and Extension of the Job Characteristics Model of Motivation.” Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 1979, Vol. 24, pp. 354–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ewing, D.W. Doit My Way or You’re Fired. New York: Wiley, 1983.Google Scholar
  6. Hackman, R.J. and Oldham, G.R. Work Redesign. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley, 1980.Google Scholar
  7. Hague, Douglas. “The Development of Managers.” International Journal of Technology Management, 1987, Vol. 2, 5–6, pp.699–710.Google Scholar
  8. Handbook of Labor Statistics, U.S. Dept. of Labor, Table 64, June, 1985.Google Scholar
  9. Heckscher, Charles C. The New Unionism. New York: Basic Books Inc., 1988.Google Scholar
  10. Kakabadse, Andrew and Margerison, Charles. “Top Executives Addressing Their Management Development Needs.” Leadership and Organizational Development Journal, 1988, Vol. 9, Iss. 4, pp.17–21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Kochan, T., Katz, H. and McKersie, B. The Transformation of American Industrial Relations, Basic Books Inc., New York, 1986.Google Scholar
  12. Lawler, E.E., III. “The New Plant Revolution Revisited.” Organizational Dynamics, Autumn, 1990.Google Scholar
  13. Lawler, E. E., III. High Involvement Management. San Francisco, Ca: Josey-Bass, 1986.Google Scholar
  14. Mroczkowski, T. and Champagne, P. “Job Redesign in Two Countries: A Comparison of the Topeka and Kalamar Experiences”. Industrial Management, Nov/Dec, 1984, pp. 17-22.Google Scholar
  15. Nelson-Horchler, Joani. “Performance Appraisals.” Industry Week, 1988, Vol. 237, iss. 6, pp.61–63.Google Scholar
  16. Peters, Tom. “Leadership Excellence in the 1990’s: Learning to Love Change.” Journal of Management Development, 1988, Vol. 7, 5, pp. 5–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Sadler, Philip and Barham, Kevin. “From Franks to the Future: 25 Years of Management Training Prescriptions.” Personnel Management, 1988, vol. 20, 5, pp. 48–51.Google Scholar
  18. Sheppeck, M. A. and Rhodes, C. A. “Management Development: Revised Thinking in Light of New Events of Strategic Importance.” Human Resource Planning, 1988, Vol. 11, 2, pp. 159–172.Google Scholar
  19. Sims, H. P. and Manz, C. C. “Conversations Within Self-managed Work Groups.” National Productivity Review, 1982, pp 261-69.Google Scholar
  20. Taylor, F.W. The Principles of Scientific Management. New York: Harper-Row, 1911.Google Scholar
  21. Twiss, Brian. “Japan: Developing For the Future”. Industrial and Commercial Training, 1988, Sept/Oct, pp.3-8.Google Scholar
  22. Yankelovich, Daniel and Immerwahr, John. Putting the Work Ethic to Work: A Public Agenda Report on Restoring America’s Competitive Vitality. New York: Public Agenda Foundation, 1983.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. N. Blanchard
    • 1
  1. 1.Stratisys: Strategic Involvement SystemsAnn ArborUSA

Personalised recommendations