The Anion Transport System of Red Blood Cell Membranes

  • Z. Ioav Cabantchik
Part of the Blood Cell Biochemistry book series (BLBI, volume 1)

Abstract

The Cl-HCO3 exchanger (CBE) is the most prominent transport system of red blood cells (RBC). This system has been widely explored in terms of its physiological role (Cabantchik et al., 1978; Knauf, 1979; Gunn, 1979; Jennings, 1985; Frohlich and Gunn, 1986; Passow, 1987), kinetic mechanisms (Cabantchik et al., 1978; Knauf, 1979; Gunn, 1979; Jennings, 1985; Frohlich and Gunn, 1986; Passow, 1987), chemical architecture (Cabantchik et al., 1978; Jay and Cantley, 1986; Passow, 1987), and encoding gene structure (Kopito and Lodish, 1985; Demuth et al, 1986; Kopito et al., 1987; Cox and Lazarides, 1988; Alper et al., 1988; Tanner et al., 1988), and it has provided one of the best conceptual and methodological models for understanding protein-mediated transport. In RBC, CBE subserves the systemic transport of CO2 from tissues to lungs, while in other cells, CBE activity might be involved directly in regulated cellular pH homeostasis (Reinertsen et al., 1988; Ganz et al., 1989) and in conjunction with other transport systems it might also participate in cell volume regulation (Finn, 1985; Cala, 1985; Hoffman, 1986; Grinstein et al., 1985; Spring and Ericson, 1985) and epithelial salt secretory or absorptive processes (Greger, 1988; Muallem et al., 1988; Tago et al., 1986; Schuster et al., 1986; Wagner et al., 1987; Schwartz et al.,1985). The two other major mammalian cell membrane Cl transporters whose functions have been identified are the Na,K,CI cotransporter (SPCC) and the Cl channel (C1Ch). The relative activities of these systems vary among cells, and in the case of epithelial cells, they vary even between luminal and contraluminal membranes (Figure 1). The SPCC has recently been recognized

Keywords

Transmembrane Segment Human Erythrocyte Membrane Transport Site Hydropathy Plot Anion Transport System 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z. Ioav Cabantchik
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Biological Chemistry, Institute of Life SciencesHebrew UniversityJerusalemIsrael
  2. 2.Laboratory of Cell Biology and Genetics, National Institute of Diabetes and Kidney DiseasesNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA

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