Depression in Alcoholism
In recent years a number of studies have reported a high lifetime prevalence of psychiatric disorders among alcoholics (Weissman et al., 1980; Hesselbrock et al., 1985; Schuckit, 1985; Ross et al., 1988; Roy et al., 1991). For example, one or more additional lifetime psychiatric disorders. meeting DSM-III criteria was found among 77% of 321 and 80.2% of 339 alcoholics by Hesselbrock et al. (1985) and Roy et al. (1991), respectively. Both these reports noted that major depression was the most common associated diagnosis among women alcoholics. That referral factors to psychiatric settings play a part in these results was recently demonstrated by Regier et al. (1990). They found that among the 20,291 individuals interviewed in the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Epidemiologic Catchment Area (ECA) Program, 37% of the alcoholics had a comorbid mental disorder. However, 55% of their alcoholics in specialty treatment had a comorbid mental disorder.
KeywordsDepressed Patient Natural Killer Cell Activity Harm Avoidance Epidemiologic Catchment Area Comorbid Mental Disorder
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