Differential Competence for Adventitious Root Formation in Histologically Similar Cell Types

  • John R. Murray
  • M. Concepcion Sanchez
  • Alan G. Smith
  • Wesley P. Hackett
Part of the Basic Life Sciences book series (BLSC, volume 62)

Abstract

Shoot tissue formed during the protracted juvenile phase of woody perennials lacks the ability to flower. With the transition to the mature phase, shoot apices or axillary meristems of newly formed tissue gain the ability to flower and this ability is maintained in subsequently formed shoot tissue (Zimmerman, 1973, 1976). In addition to this phase-dependent difference in ability to form flowers, other persistent phenotypic differences exist between shoot tissue of the basal (i.e., juvenile) and apical (i.e., mature) portions of a plant (Hackett, 1985; Poethig, 1990). Due to the protracted nature of both the juvenile and mature phases of woody plants, phase-dependent phenotypic characters are stably expressed through a large number of cell divisions over years of growth within a phase. It is presumed that phase-dependent characters do not result from a genetic change, but result from an epigenetic difference in the capacity to express genes that permit or prevent expression of a phenotype.

Keywords

Adventitious Root Anthocyanin Biosynthesis Shoot Tissue Adventitious Root Formation Dark Treatment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • John R. Murray
    • 1
  • M. Concepcion Sanchez
    • 1
  • Alan G. Smith
    • 1
  • Wesley P. Hackett
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Horticultural ScienceUniversity of MinnesotaSt. PaulUSA

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