Blood-Brain Barrier Properties in Vitro as Related to the Neurotransmitter Serotonin

  • P. Brust
  • S. Matys
  • J. Wober
  • A. Friedrich
  • R. Bergmann
  • B. Ahlemeyer
Part of the Advances in Behavioral Biology book series (ABBI, volume 46)


There is evidence that the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT) is involved in the regulation of blood-brain barrier (BBB) functions. Therefore we have started to study the transport and the receptor binding of 5-HT at the BBB of pigs. The 5-HT uptake system was studied using [3H]imipramine and [3H]paroxetine as radiotracers. For both tracers specific binding to isolated brain microvessels was demonstrated indicating the presence of the 5-HT transporter at the BBB. In addition, the specific binding of [3H]paroxetine in freshly prepared brain endothelial cells and cells cultured for various time periods was measured. The finding supports the asssumption that the expression of the 5-HT transporter is not influenced by the conditions of cell culture. Furthermore we obtained evidence for the presence of specific serotonin receptor(s) at the brain endothelium. Binding studies with different types of radiotracers ([3H]ketanserin, [3H]mesulergine, [3H]OH-DPAT) indicate that the 5-HT receptor(s) belong(s) to the 5-HT2 subtype.


Specific Binding Serotonin Transporter Brain Endothelial Cell Brain Microvessels Porcine Brain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Il est établi que le neurotransmetteur sérotonine (5-HT) est impliqué dans la régulation de la barrière hémato-encéphalique (BHE). Aussi avons-nous étudié, au niveau de la BHE de porc, le transport de la 5-HT ainsi que la pharmacologie de ce neurotransmetteur au moyen de la (3H)imipramine et de la (3H)paroxetine.Ces deux types de ligands des récepteurs de la 5-HT se fixent de manière spécifique sur les microvaisseaux cérébraux isolés, démontrant l’existence d’un recepteur de la sérotonine au niveau de la BHE. De plus, la liaison spécifique de la paroxetine a pu être démontrée sur des cellules endothéliales cérébrales fraîchement isolées ou après differents temps de culture. Ces resultats semblent montrer que l’expression du récepteur de la sérotonine dans des cultures de cellules endothéliales cérébrales n’est pas modifiée par les conditions de culture. De plus, nous avons démontré la présence de récepteur(s) spécifique(s) sur l’endothelium cérébral. Des etudes pharmacologiques avec différents types de ligands tritiés ([3H]ketansérine, (3H)mésulergine, (3H)OH-DPAT) semblent montrer que les cellules endothéliales cérébrales expriment le récepteur sérotoninergique de type 5-HT2.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Brust
    • 1
  • S. Matys
    • 1
  • J. Wober
    • 1
  • A. Friedrich
    • 1
  • R. Bergmann
    • 1
  • B. Ahlemeyer
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Center Rossendorf Institute of Bioinorganic and Radiopharmaceutic ChemistryDresdenGermany

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