High-Resolution 1H-Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Oligosaccharide-Alditols Released from Mucin-Type O-Glycoproteins

  • Johannis P. Kamerling
  • Johannes F. G. Vliegenthart
Part of the Biological Magnetic Resonance book series (BIMR, volume 10)

Abstract

In nature, complex carbohydrates form an enormous class of biologically important compounds, comprising polysaccharides, glycoproteins, proteoglycans, and glycolipids. Comprehensive reviews concerning the biochemistry, biology, immunology, and chemistry of these substances have been published (Aspinall, 1982, 1983, 1985; Berger et al., 1982; Dwek et al., 1988; Feizi and Childs, 1987; Ginsburg, 1978, 1982, 1987; Ginsburg and Robbins, 1981, 1984; Gottschalk, 1972; Horowitz, 1982a, b; Horowitz and Pigman, 1977,1978; Hounsell, 1987; Lemieux, 1978; Lennarz, 1980; Montreuil, 1980, 1982; Sharon and Lis, 1981, 1982). The glycoproteins, being biopolymers consisting of a polypeptide backbone bearing one or more covalently linked carbohydrate chains, can be divided into two main groups, namely, N-glycoproteins and O-glycoproteins, depending on the atom involved in the linkage between carbohydrate and protein. In each carbohydrate—amino acid linkage the anomeric center of the involved monosac-charide and a functional group in the side chain of the involved amino acid are connected. For N-glycoproteins the carbohydrate—amino acid linkage consists of N-acetyl-β-d-glucosamine coupled to the amide function of l-asparagine. The O-glycoproteins can be subdivided into five main classes based on the type of carbohydrate—amino acid bond. The class of the mucin type is characterized by the occurrence of a carbohydrate—amino acid bridge between N-acetyl-β-d-galactosamine and the hydroxyl function of l-serine or l-threonine.

Keywords

Chemical Shift Blood Group Core Structure Downfield Shift Carbohydrate Chain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Johannis P. Kamerling
    • 1
  • Johannes F. G. Vliegenthart
    • 1
  1. 1.Bijvoet Center, Department of Bio-Organic ChemistryUtrecht UniversityUtrechtThe Netherlands

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