Evaluation of Soil Solarization for the Control of Fusarium Wilt of Tomato

  • H. Oliveira
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 230)


Effective control of many soilborne diseases of a large variety of crops has been achieved in different countries by soil solarization (Katan, 1981; Martyn and Hartz, 1986; Tjamos and Paplomatas, 1988). When feasible, this method is more advantageous than the traditional soil disinfestations using steaming or fumigants. Fumigants are hazardous and both methods are expensive and detrimental to the biological equilibrium in the soil. Furthermore, reinfestations occur very often and heavy losses of crops are subsequently observed (Alabouvette, 1987). Studies involving soil solarization were first developed in Israel (Katan et al., 1976), soon followed by others, both in open field (Pullman et al., 1981) or in closed greenhouse (Goisque et al., 1984; Tamietti and Garibaldi, 1981) with promising results.


Fusarium Oxysporum Fusarium Wilt Verticillium Wilt Infested Soil Soil Solarization 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Oliveira
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto Superior de AgronomiaUniversidade Técnica de LisboaLisboa codexPortugal

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