Leaf and Blossom Epiphytes and Endophytes as Biological Control Agents

  • Arne Tronsmo
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 230)


Biological control of plant diseases by endophytic and epiphytic microorganisms is a challenging opportunity for plant protection in the future. There are many examples in the litterature illustrating the potential of these organisms as biocontrol agents under controlled or laboratory-scale environments. However, isolates effective under controlled conditions did not always work in the field. The ability of potential antagonists to survive, grow and perform effectively under the often hostile environment on or in aerial plant parts has not been considered sufficiently when screening for biocontrol agents. A review of the current knowledge and suggestions for improvement is given.


Biological Control Biocontrol Agent Endophytic Fungus Botrytis Cinerea Apple Scab 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Arne Tronsmo
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biotechnological SciencesAgricultural University of NorwayAas-NLHNorway

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