Advertisement

Induction and Molecular Analyses of Resistance to Barley Powdery Mildew

  • V. Smedegaard-Petersen
  • D. B. Collinge
  • H. Thordal-Christensen
  • J. Brandt
  • P. L. Gregersen
  • B. H. Cho
  • H. Walther-Larsen
  • H. J. Kristensen
  • K. Vad
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 230)

Abstract

The efforts in many countries to reduce the use of fungicides in the control of plant diseases has stimulated research aimed at a better understanding of the basic mechanisms by which plants defend themselves against diseases. This report concentrates on recent research on induced resistance in barley against barley powdery mildew and its molecular basis.

Keywords

Powdery Mildew Barley Plant Cyanogen Bromide Powdery Mildew Fungus General Defence Response 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Bohlmann, H., Clausen, S., Behnke, S., Giese, H., Hiller, C., ReimannPhilipp, U., Schrader, G., Barkholt, V., and Apel, K., 1988, Leaf-specific thionins of barley - a novel class of cell wall proteins toxic to plant-pathogenic fungi and possibly involved in the defence mechanism of plants, EMBO J., 7: 1559.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bryngelsson, T., and Collinge, D. B., 1991, Biochemical and molecular analyses of the response of barley to infection by powdery mildew, in: “Genetics, Molecular Biology and biotechnology”, P. R. Shewry, ed., C.A.B. International, Wallingford, (in press).Google Scholar
  3. Bryngelsson, T., Gustafsson, M., Ramos Leal, M., and Bartonek, E., 1988, Induction of pathogenesis-related proteins in barley during the resistance reaction to mildew, J Phytopathol., 123: 1934.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chang, S. C., Erwin, A. E., and Lee, A. S, 1989, Glucose-regulated protein (GRP94 and GRP78) genes share common regulatory domains and are coordinately regulated by common trans-acting factors, Molecular and Cellular Biology, 9: 2153.Google Scholar
  5. Cho, B. H., and Smedegaard -Petersen, V., 1986, Induction of resistance to Erysiphe graminis f. sp. hordei in near isogenic barley lines, Phytopathology, 76: 301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Davidson, A. D., Manners, J. M., Simpson, R. S., and Scott, K. J., 1988, Altered host gene expression in near-isogenic barley conditioned by different genes for resistance during infection by Erysiphe graminis f. sp. hordei, Physiol. Molec Plant Pathol., 32: 127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Elliston, J. E., Kùc, J., and Williams, E. B., 1971, Induced resistance to bean anthracnose at a distance from the site of the inducing interaction, Phytopathology, 61: 1110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Gregersen, P. L., and Smedegaard-Petersen, V., 1989, Induction of resistance in barley against Erysiphe graminis f. sp. hordei after preinoculation with the saprophytic fungus, Cladosporium macrocarpum, J Phytopathol., 124: 128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Gregersen, P. L., Collinge, D. B., and Smedegaard-Petersen, V., 1990, Early induction of gene expression accompanies the resistance reaction of barley to the wheat pathogen, Erysiphe graminis f. sp. tritici, Physiol Molec Plant Pathol., 36: 471.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hwang, B. K., and Heitefuss, R., 1982, Induced resistance of spring barley to Erysiphe graminis f. sp. hordei, Phytopathol. Z., 103: 41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ichimura, T., Isobe, T., Okuyama, T., Takahashi, N., Araki, K., Kuwano, R., and Takahashi, Y., 1988, Molecular cloning of cDNA coding for brain–specific 14–3–3 protein, a protein kinase–dependantactivator of tyro–sein and tryptophan hydroxylases, Proc Natl Acad Sci USA., 85: 7084.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Kerby, K., and Somerville, S., 1989, Enhancement of specific intercellular peroxidases following inoculation of barley with Erysiphe graminis f. sp. hordei, Physiol Molec Plant Pathol., 35: 323.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kùc, J., 1982, Induced immunity to plant disease, Bioscience, 32: 854.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Marana, C., Garcia-Olmedo, F., and Carbonero, P., 1988, Linked sucrose synthase genes in group-7 chromosomes in hexaploid wheat ( Triticum aestivum L. ), Gene, 63: 253.Google Scholar
  15. Mazza, G., and Welinder, K. G., 1980, Covalent structure of turnip peroxidase 7 Cyanogen bromide fragments, complete structure and comparison to horse radish peroxidase, Eur. J Biochem., 108: 481.Google Scholar
  16. Rasmussen, S. K., Welinder, K. G., and Heigaard, J., 1991, cDNA cloning characterisation and expression of an endosperm specific barley peroxidase, Plant Molec Biol., 16: 317.Google Scholar
  17. Rasmussen, S. K., Johansson, A., Rasmussen, H. N., and Theilade, B., 1991, Molecular analysis and cloning of barley peroxidase genes. Proc. 2nd Int. Symp. Molecular and Physiological Aspects of Plant Peroxidases Lublen, Poland, August 1990, (in press).Google Scholar
  18. Sahashi, N., and Shishiyama, J., 1986, Increased papilla formation, a major factor of induced resistance in the barley, Erysiphe graminis f. sp. hordei system, Can J Bot., 64: 2178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sahashi, N., Tsuji, H., and Shishiyama, J., 1989, Barley plants grown under germ-free conditions have increased susceptibility to two powdery mildew fungi, Physiol. Molec. Plant Pathol., 34: 163.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Smedegaard-Petersen, V., 1989, Energy costs of plant responses to resistance, pages 182–197, in: “Plant-microbe interactions, Molecular and Genetic Perspectives”, vol. 3, T. Kosuge, and E. W. Nester, eds., McGraw-Hill Publ. Co., New York.Google Scholar
  21. Smedegaard-Petersen, V., and Tolstrup, K., 1985, The limiting effect of disease resistance on yield, Annu Rev Phytopathol., 23: 475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sorger, P. K., and Pelham, H. R., 1987, Glucose-regulated protein grp94 is related to heat shock protein hsp90, Journal of Molecular Biology, 194: 341.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Thordal-Christensen, H., and Smedegaard-Petersen, V., 1988a, Comparison of resistance inducing abilities of virulent and avirulent races of Erysiphe graminis f. sp. hordei and one race of Erysiphe graminis f. sp. tritici in barley, Plant Pathol., 37: 20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Thordal-Christensen, H., and Smedegaard-Petersen, V., 1988b, Correlation between induced resistance and host fluorescence in barley inoculated with Erysiphe graminis, J Phytopathol., 123: 34.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Thordal-Christensen, H., Brandt, J., Cho, B. H., Gregersen, P. L., Rasmussen, S. K., Smedegaard-Petersen, V., and Collinge, D. B., 1991, cDNAs of barley messengers induced early in response to powdery mildew include a peroxidase sequence, (submitted for publication).Google Scholar
  26. Toker, A., Ellis, C. A., Sellers, L. A., and Aitken, A., 1990, Protein kinase C inhibitor proteins. Purification from sheep brain and sequence similarity to lipocortins and 14–3–3 protein, Eur J Bioch., 191: 421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. Smedegaard-Petersen
    • 1
  • D. B. Collinge
    • 1
  • H. Thordal-Christensen
    • 1
  • J. Brandt
    • 1
  • P. L. Gregersen
    • 1
  • B. H. Cho
    • 1
  • H. Walther-Larsen
    • 1
  • H. J. Kristensen
    • 1
  • K. Vad
    • 1
  1. 1.Plant Pathology Section Department of Plant BiologyRoyal Veterinary and Agricultural UniversityFrederiksberg C CopenhagenDenmark

Personalised recommendations