Biological Control of SclerotiniaSclerotiorum and Botrytis Spp.

  • Nyckle J. Fokkema
  • Matthijs Gerlagh
  • Jürgen Köhl
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 230)


Biological control of airborne fungi by use of introduced microorganisms is still in its infancy. The disease surpressing value of naturally occurring phyllosphere microflora, which removes infection-stimulating nutrients, has been well established (Blakeman and Fokkema, 1982; Dik et al., 1991). In contrast, introduction of antagonists into the phyllosphere to control leaf infections by necrotrophic pathogens has been only moderately effective, presumably because the pathogen rapidly escapes the influence of the applied antagonists by penetrating the leaf. The period of interaction between the antagonist and the pathogen is usually too short to prevent leaf infection but could provide control through induced resistance. This typically short period of interaction requires that the antagonists should be sufficiently established in the phyllosphere before the pathogen arrives.


Biological Control Wheat Straw Botrytis Cinerea Sclerotinia SCLEROTIORUM Trichoderma Viride 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Literature Cited

  1. Alderman, S. C., and Lacy, M. L., 1984, Influence of temperature and water potential on growth of Botrytis allii, Can. J. Bot., 62: 1567.Google Scholar
  2. Blakeman, J. P., and Fokkema, N. J., 1982, Potential for biological control of plant diseases on the phylloplane, Annu.Rev. Phytopathol., 20: 176.Google Scholar
  3. Dik, A. J., Fokkema, N. J., and Van Pelt, J. A., 1991, Consumption of aphidGoogle Scholar
  4. honeydew, a wheat yield reducing factor, by phyllosphere yeasts under field conditions, Neth. J. Plant Pathol., 97: 209.Google Scholar
  5. Gerlagh, M., and Vos, I., 1991, Enrichment of soil with sclerotia to isolate antagonists of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum pages 165–171, in: “Biotic Interactions and Soil-borne Diseases”, A.B.R. Beemster, G.J. Bollen, M. Gerlagh, M.A.Ruissen, B. Schippers, and A. Tempel, eds., Elsevier, Amsterdam.Google Scholar
  6. Köhl, J., and Schlösser, E., 1989, Decay of sclerotia of Botrytis cinerea by Trichoderma spp. at low temperatures, J. Phytopathol., 125: 320.Google Scholar
  7. Magan, N., 1988, Effects of water potential and temperature on spore germination and germ-tube in vitro and on straw leaf sheaths, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc., 90: 97.Google Scholar
  8. Peng, S., and Sutton, J. C., 1990, Biological methods to control grey mould of strawberry, Brighton Crop Protection Conference, Procceedings vol. 2: 233.Google Scholar
  9. Pfender, W. F., 1988, Suppression of ascocarp formation in Pyrenophora tritici-repentis by Limonomyces roseipellis a basidiomycete from reduced-tillage wheat straw, Phytopathology, 78: 1254.Google Scholar
  10. Pfender, W. F., and Wootke, S. L., 1988, Microbial communities of Pyrenophora-infested wheat straw as examined by multivariate analysis, Microb. Ecol., 15: 95.Google Scholar
  11. Trutmann, P., Keane, P. J., and Merriman, P. R., 1982, Biological control of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum on aerial parts of plants by the hyper-parasite Coniothyrium minitans Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc., 78: 521.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nyckle J. Fokkema
    • 1
  • Matthijs Gerlagh
    • 1
  • Jürgen Köhl
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute for Plant ProtectionIPO-DLOWageningenThe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations