Biological Control of SclerotiniaSclerotiorum and Botrytis Spp.

  • Nyckle J. Fokkema
  • Matthijs Gerlagh
  • Jürgen Köhl
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSA, volume 230)

Abstract

Biological control of airborne fungi by use of introduced microorganisms is still in its infancy. The disease surpressing value of naturally occurring phyllosphere microflora, which removes infection-stimulating nutrients, has been well established (Blakeman and Fokkema, 1982; Dik et al., 1991). In contrast, introduction of antagonists into the phyllosphere to control leaf infections by necrotrophic pathogens has been only moderately effective, presumably because the pathogen rapidly escapes the influence of the applied antagonists by penetrating the leaf. The period of interaction between the antagonist and the pathogen is usually too short to prevent leaf infection but could provide control through induced resistance. This typically short period of interaction requires that the antagonists should be sufficiently established in the phyllosphere before the pathogen arrives.

Keywords

Biological Control Wheat Straw Botrytis Cinerea Sclerotinia SCLEROTIORUM Trichoderma Viride 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nyckle J. Fokkema
    • 1
  • Matthijs Gerlagh
    • 1
  • Jürgen Köhl
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute for Plant ProtectionIPO-DLOWageningenThe Netherlands

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