Biofeedback pp 211-253 | Cite as

Biofeedback in the Management of Chronic Pain Syndromes

  • Francis J. Keefe
  • Timothy J. Hoelscher


Chronic pain is a major medical problem. Treatments for chronic pain represent a major portion of medical costs. Costs include payments for hospitalization and outpatient treatments, workmen’s compensation and disability payments, and time lost from work. These costs are staggering and growing rapidly. The estimated cost in the United States for only one of these disorders, low back pain, is one billion dollars per year (Bonica, 1980).


Chronic Pain Chronic Pain Patient Relaxation Training Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy Chronic Pain Syndrome 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francis J. Keefe
    • 1
  • Timothy J. Hoelscher
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychiatryDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA

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