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Bacteriorhodopsin-Structure and Function

  • L. Keszthelyi
Chapter
Part of the Ettore Majorana International Science Series book series (EMISS, volume 51)

Abstract

The basic principle of energy transduction in living systems is to create a transmembrane electric potential difference and pH gradient, the so called electrochemical energy, by proton translocation [1], Bacteriorhodopsin (BR), the protein in the plasma membrane of Halobacterium halobium turned out to be a very important molecule in understanding the mechanism of proton translocation [2]. Its main features are:
  • it is a protein-pigment complex with retinal chromophore, similar to eye-rhodopsin,

  • undergoes a cyclic reaction pathway after absorbing a photon, and

  • this photocycle is connected with proton pumping from the inside of the cell to the outside.

Keywords

Resonance Raman Proton Translocation Retinal Protein Retinal Chromophore Halobacterium Halobium 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. Keszthelyi
    • 1
  1. 1.Biological Research CenterInstitute of BiophysicsSzegedHungary

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