Changes in Cell Wall Components of White Pine and Maple by White-Rot Fungi

  • Terry L. Highley
  • Barbara L. Illman
Part of the Biodeterioration Research book series (BIOR, volume 3)

Abstract

Few detailed studies have been made of the relative rates of removal of the structural components of wood (cellulose, hemicelluloses, and lignin) during decay by white-rot fungi. Kretsberg et al. (1971) showed that the total pentosans are destroyed faster than the cellulose, and the lignin more slowly than cellulose or pentosans, during the decay of spruce by the white-rot fungus Trametes trogii. Kirk and Highley (1973) found that the relative rates of removal of lignin and the other components by three white-rot fungi in conifer woods decayed in soil-block tests varied during the decay process. Their results suggested that removal of glucomannan may precede removal of cellulose as found in brown-rots, but that additional wood and fungus combinations are needed before it can be established whether this is a valid generalization for white-rots. For hardwoods, such detailed analysis seem to have been done only by Cowling (1961) who found that Coriolus versicolor removed lignin and carbohydrates at about the same rate in sweetgum. Removal of glucan, mannan, and xylan, however, was not determined until 25% weight loss.

Keywords

Cell Wall Component Lignin Degradation Phanerochaete Chrysosporium Decay Resistance Cell Wall Constituent 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Terry L. Highley
    • 1
  • Barbara L. Illman
    • 1
  1. 1.Forest Products LaboratoryUSDA, Forest ServiceMadisonUSA

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