Aflatoxin Occurrence in Samples of Commercial Corn Meal Sold in Virginia: 1983–1986

  • Richard L. Mooney
  • G. Craig Llewellyn
  • Charles E. O’Rear
  • Gerald C. Llewellyn
Part of the Biodeterioration Research book series (BIOR, volume 3)


Corn products which reach consumers on a daily basis have been shown to contain mycotoxins including the highly carcinogenic aflatoxins (AFTs) (Nout and Saint Hilaire, 1983). The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) has set 20 ppb as an action level. AFTs in corn products at levels greater than 20 ppb are not allowed for human consumption. These toxins survive most commercial food processing treatments, but ammonification treatments have shown success in reducing the levels of AFTs found in processed corn products (Brekke et al., 1978; Nofsinger and Anderson, 1979).


Detectable Level High Pressure Liquid Chromatography Corn Meal Corn Product Aflatoxin Contamination 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Brekke, O.L., Stringfellow, A.C., Peplinski, A.J. (1978). Aflatoxin inactivation in corn by ammonia gas: Laboratory trials. J. Agricul. Food Chem., 26(6), 1383–1389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Calvert, O.H., Lillehoj, E.B., Kwolek, W.F., Zuber, M.S. (1978). Aflatoxin B1 and G1 production in developing zea mays kernels from mixed inocula of Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. Phytopathol. 68(3), 501–506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Davis, N.D., Currier, C.G., Diener, U.L. (1986). Aflatoxin contamination of corn hybrids in Alabama USA, Cereal Chem. 63(6), 467–470.Google Scholar
  4. Lillehoj, E.B., Kwolek, W.F., Zuber, M.S., Calvert, O.H., Horner, E.S., Widstrom, N.W., Guthrie, W.D., Scott, G.E., Thompson, D.L., Findley, W.R., Bockholt, A.J. (1978). Aflatoxin contamination of field corn: evaluation of regional test plots for early detection. Cereal Chem., 55(6), 1007–1013.Google Scholar
  5. Llewellyn, G.C. and Katzen, J.S. (1981). Aflatoxin Occurrence in 1977 Corn in Virginia. Va. J. Sci., 32, 4–11.Google Scholar
  6. Mooney, R.L., O’Rear, C.E., and Llewellyn, G.C. (1990). Aflatoxin Occurrence in Virginia price support corn: 1986 crop-year. In: Biodeterioration Research 3 (In Press) ( G. C. Llewelly and C. E. O’Rear, Eds.) Plenum Press, New York.Google Scholar
  7. Nofsinger, G.W. and Anderson, R.A. (1979). Note on inactivation of aflatoxin in ammonia-treated shelled corn at low temperatures. Cereal Chem. 56(2), 120–121.Google Scholar
  8. Nout, M.J.R. and Saint-Hilaire, P. (1983). Influence of storage conditions and packaging material on the multiplication of Aspergillus flavus and its production of aflatoxin B1 in sifted maize meal. Chemie Mikrobiol. Technol. Lebensmittel, 46(4), 295–300, 304.Google Scholar
  9. Sporn, M.B., Dingman, C.W., Phelps, H.L., and Wogan, G.N. (1966). Aflatoxin B1: Binding to DNA In vitro and aberration of RNA metabolism in vivo. Science, 151, 1539–1541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Williams, S. Official Methods of Analysis, Assoc. Offic. Anal. Chemists Soc. 14th Edition, Sec. 26.014-26.018. Arlington, VA. (1984)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Richard L. Mooney
    • 1
  • G. Craig Llewellyn
    • 2
  • Charles E. O’Rear
    • 3
  • Gerald C. Llewellyn
    • 4
  1. 1.School of MedicineMedical College of Virginia, Virginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  2. 2.Virginia Commonwealth UniversityRichmondUSA
  3. 3.Department of Forensic SciencesThe George Washington UniversityUSA
  4. 4.Bureau of Toxic Substances, Virginia Department of HealthRichmondUSA

Personalised recommendations