Colonization and Control of Decay by Trichoderma in Douglas-Fir and Southern Pine Exposed Above Ground

  • Terry L. Highley
Part of the Biodeterioration Research book series (BIOR, volume 4)


Using biological controls to protect wood against fungal attack is an attractive alternative to chemical biocides because of their environmental effects. Much research on biological control of wood-attacking fungi has involved Trichoderma spp. and, to a lesser extent, Scvtalidium spp. (Freitag et al., 1991). Laboratory studies of antagonism between Trichoderma, Scvtalidium. and wood decay fungi have been promising, but field studies have met with mixed results.


Biological Control Trametes Versicolor Decay Fungus Trichoderma Viride Decay Resistance 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. American Society for Testing Materials. (1971). Standard method for accelerated laboratory test of natural decay resistance of woods, ASTM D 2017. Philadelphia, PA.Google Scholar
  2. Bruce, A. and Highley, T.L. (1991) Control of growth of wood decay basidionycetes by soluble metabolites from Trichoderma soo. and other potentially antagonistic fungi. Forest Products J., 4 (2), 63–67.Google Scholar
  3. Bruce, A. and King, B. (1983). Biological control of wood decay by Lentinus lepideus (Fr.) produced by Scytalidium and Trichoderma residues. Mat. and Orq., 18, 171–181.Google Scholar
  4. Bruce, A. and King, B. (1986a). Biological control of decay in creosote-treated distribution poles. I. Establishment of immunizing commensal fungi in poles. Mat. and Orq., 21, 1–13.Google Scholar
  5. Bruce, A. and King, B. (1986b). Biological control of decay in creosote-treated distribution poles. II. Control of decay in poles by immunizing commensal fungi. Mat. and Orq., 21, 165–179.Google Scholar
  6. Bruce, A., Fairnington, A., and King, B. (1990). Biological control of decay in creosote-treated distribution poles. Ill. Control of decay in poles by immunizing commensal fungi after extended incubation period. Mat. and Orq., 25, 15–28.Google Scholar
  7. Bruce A., King,B., and Highley, T.C. (1991). Decay resistance of wood removed from poles biologically treated with Trichoderma. Holzforschung, 45 (4), 307–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Carey, J.K., Purslow, D.F., and Savory, J.G. (1981). Proposed method for outof-ground contact trails of exterior joinery protection system. The International Research group on Wood Preservation: IRG/WP/2157.Google Scholar
  9. Dubos, B. and Ricard, J. (1974). Curative treatment of peach trees against silver leaf disease (Stereum purpureum) with Trichoderma viride preparations. Plant Disease Reporter, 58, 147–150.Google Scholar
  10. Freitag, M., Morrell, J.J., and Bruce, A. (1991). Biological protection of wood: Status and prospects. Biodeterio. Abst., 5 (1), 1–13.Google Scholar
  11. Glaser, T.E., Tarocinski, E., and Banza, J. (1969). Study of the interaction of Discula brunneo-tingens and the most important fungi accompanying it in the coffee-brown discoloration of pine sawlogs. Pr. Inst. Technol. Drewna, 6, 45–58.Google Scholar
  12. Groslande, C. (1970). Premiers essais de protection biologique des blessures de taille vis a vis due Stereum purpureum. Ann. Phytopathal., 2, 507–516.Google Scholar
  13. Highley. T.L. and Ricard, J. (1988). Antagonism of Trichoderma spp. and Gliocladium virens against wood decay fungi. Mat. und Org., 23, 157–169.Google Scholar
  14. Hulme, M.A. and Shields, J.K. (1975). Antagonistic and synergistic effects for biological control of decay. In: Biological Transformation of Wood by Microorganisms. pp. 52–63 (W. Liese, ed.) Springer Verlag, Berlin, German Federal Republic.Google Scholar
  15. Lindgren, R.M. and Harvey, G.H. (1952). Decay control and increased permeability in Southern Pine sprayed with fluoride solutions. J. Forest Prod. Res. Soc., 5, 250–256.Google Scholar
  16. Mercer, P.c. and Kirk, S.A. (1984). Biological treatments for the control of decay in tree wounds. II. Field Tests. Annals Appl. Biol., 104, 221–229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Morris, P.I., Dickenson, D.J., and Levy, J.F. (1984). The nature and control of decay in creosoted electricity poles. In: Records of the British Wood Preserving Association Annual Convention. pp. 42–53.Google Scholar
  18. Pottle, H.W., Shigo, A.L., and Blanchard, R.O. (1977). Biological control of wounds by hymenomycetes by Trichoderma harzianum. Plant Dis. Reo., 61, 687–690.Google Scholar
  19. Shields, J.K. and Atwell, E.A. (1963). Effect of mold, Trichoderma viride, on decay of birch by four storage-rot fungi. Forest Prod. J., 13 /17, 262–265.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Terry L. Highley
    • 1
  1. 1.USDA Forest ServiceForest Products LaboratoryMadisonUSA

Personalised recommendations