Excretion of Copper in the Mammal
In considering by what routes metals may be excreted from the bodies of animals and humans, interest generally focuses on the urine and the bile. Other routes to consider include salivary, gastric, and pancreatic secretions, direct intestinal secretion, and the sloughing-off of cells along the gastrointestinal tract and on outside body surfaces (skin), as well as hair loss. It seems highly unlikely that exhalation plays a role, so this will be ignored.
KeywordsCopper Status Duodenal Juice Pancreatic Fluid Copper Excretion Amino Acid Complex
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